Product Development: Water Drum

Abstract:


Product development plays an important role in critical success of an industry or a business. Product development requires to be properly designed, managed and implemented for economic advantage. The study of product development indubitably focuses on design and product planning, initializing and implementation of an action for the final production. This paper initiates with comprehension of the unique product design and scrupulous analyzation which includes the objectives, budget estimation, risks, competition etc. With proper execution of the techniques and a detailed breakdown of WBS and the OBS the successful production cycle and exportation of the product has been debriefed.

Introduction:


Purpose of project: The design of this product is to seek necessary intel required by the organization decision makers to fund the project. During the initial phase of the project, the scope viability and scope of the product was included. This product was designed to serve the drought affected areas of the globe. Our goal is to provide them with an object which can carry a lot of water compared to the regular containers and buckets and can be handy to carry back with ease and without any hassle.

Corporate Social Responsibility


The self-regulation of this business aims to contribute to the societal goals and engage in or support ethically oriented practices and organisation. This will help to contribute to the environmental as well as societal cause as whole.
There is a limit to this organisation hence it will be significant to partner with the local NGO’s to understand and help the social cause in more ethical way.
To maintain the ongoing successful phase of this initiative, the unreliableness and unpredictability of donor funding requires the absolute operating costs to be kept at minimum. This is a process as not to duplicate the costs. The NGO’s include Operation Hunger (www.operationhunger.co.za)
(www.care.org) helping eradicate social poverty and vulnerability to social justice. The IATI, a global initiative to improve the transparency of development environment and humanitarian resources. Most of these organisations require a word of mouth references for partnership.
The initial phase requires a fundraising partnership as well as self-sustained NGO’s for the distribution of the rollers indiscriminately.
Country specific and international partnerships are imperative for local fund raising and charity. Financing partners will be identified to provide micro- finance and handling of environmental as well as societal issues.

Strategies


Most rural areas are impoverished lacking the intellectuals to cope with such unique technological advances. Therefore, the focus is on soliciting the funds from donors, CSI and fundraising budgets to subsidize the costs of these rollers.
Communities will receive a formal introduction to the concept of the technology through various NGO’s and will also be handed out one per household to get a firm grip into the market of what is to be achieved. The process aids in promoting sense of value and ownership
Such partnership helps in the development of personal contacts with the society as well as company approach towards the benefit of the society. This can also help in the selection of viable distribution points of the rollers.
Operating with the local NGO’s and fundraising helps in being more effective towards goal achievement as well as helping the partners achieve their own goals and improving the access to clean water.
Corporate colours and embedded logos will further lead to achieving market advantage for the sponsors helping achieve harmony as well a sense of trust. Identifying and making a partnership work for societal as well as environmental benefit is a key component of the activities of this organisation.

Environmental Issues


A clearer understanding is required to tackle the factors influencing presence and production and how environmental conditions encountered by immature mosquitoes in water drums impact potential disease transmission. With vector control being one of the most effective ways to stop the spread of mosquitoes.
Also, the barrel used to store toxic material while mobilisation can cause a reaction and lead to leak and spoil affecting the environment.
The rusting of the steel handle can cause and spread disease affecting the health of the organism being in contact.
Avoiding the proper disposal of the materials used for the production of the rolling water drum can lead to hazardous effect on the environment as some of the materials in it need proper recycling and disposal methods.

Raw Materials:


Rolling water drum is an innovative tool that made thousands of people’s life easier. The 2 major raw materials involved in the product are steel and polyethylene. There are 2 process involved in the making. First, in steel raw materials include iron ore, coal which turns into carbon through cooking process and limestone. Whereas the polyethylene process includes raw materials such as cracked petroleum, natural gases such as ethane, methane and propane to create ethylene. The first process is where iron ore, coke and limestone are put into the furnace where it is melted and purified together and then it is heated again using thermal and electrical energies. And the second process is where ethanol and acetylene are combined using thermal and chemical energy. Then ethylene transforms to polyethylene. Both the process has its own waste products.
The drum and screw cap are made by the rotational moulding process. All the raw materials including moulding machine, steel handles, and fittings are supplied from South Africa.
The raw materials used to manufacture the large hollow drum is low-density polyethylene. The density of polyethylene gives surety to keep the product environment friendly and long lasting. The plastic used in it is more degradable and less sturdy. The low-density polyethylene is produced under high pressure which makes the product denser. The material is UV stabilized which protects the plastic used in the drum from degradation. UV stabilized products are created using the material called Benzophenones to absorb UV radiation and create a UV stabilized product. Hence, the process is used to stabilize plastics such as polyethene.
The Rolling water drum used polyethylene powder to create a hollow shaped drum to store water in it. The chemical called polyethylene is created from ethylene, a hydrocarbon with the formula of C2H4. It is originated from natural gases, ethane, methane, and propane and passing it through a chemical process called polymerization by which ethylene becomes polyethylene.
Steel is also an important part used to create the water drum. It is used to make the rectangle shaped handle that allows a person to access and allow the consumers to pull and push the roller efficiently. The steel is moulded and then assembled to make a handle to attach it to the drum. The usage of steel is preferred because it van be reused overtime and can be recycled easily. The steel is also considered to be the safest material for manufacturing the products.

TARGET MARKET:


The democratic Republic Of Congo is the second largest country in Africa with an estimated population of 84 million.
It has an annual GDP of 47.23 billion USD. It has strong demand for western brands and products. Despite being second largest country in Africa, it is lacking drinking water supply throught the country. As it is rich in resource, there has been an increase in Foreign Direct Investment in this country.

Sub-Saharan areas of Africa including Republic of Congo spends 40 billion hours a year collecting clean water. Women and children are usually the people who spends journey of collecting water, and can spend up to three hours a day walking with heavy water buckets balanced on their heads. This puts a huge toll on the individual, on the community and on productivity. But the Hippo roller is changing that since its establishment.
The Hippo roller is a revolutionary product replacing the traditional method of transporting water, by allowing users in rural communities to transport up to 90L of water at a time, simply by rolling it on the ground. Now, people have the ability to transport five times more than a single bucket in each journey, and this wonderful solution is having wide impact on individual lives and entire communities.

Life cycle of Rolling Water Drum:


The hippo water roller has an intensive and creative model but the recycled materials are not used. There are measures taken every time to protect the environment. Polyethylene is environment friendly substance but it is not biodegradable. If in future recycled products are used the material the environment impact will be way less. The drum of the rolling water drum takes most of its weight, and thus is involved in wear and tear. The caps are taken off again and again to put in water thus after a while gets damaged. But, products that are made with recycled plastics are more sustainable. So, the life cycle of the product is more when compared to the one made without recycled products. All the materials used to make the hippo roller lasts different time. For instance, steel is made of iron ore is mined from rocks and is non-renewable. Steel can also be recycled and can be used as recycled product and will be stronger. Plastics are not environment friendly and thus cannot be replaced. So the life cycle depends upon how much recycled material is used. .
This product is created in four stages.
Stage 1: here the polyethylene powder is loaded in the drum and its cap.
Stage 2: Includes heating of the raw materials and that allows the raw material to take shape.
Stage 3: Is the cooling phase the material that was shaped is cooled down by blowing air and spraying water. And the last stage is the finished stage where the product is complete and excess material is scraped off. This product is made with a great idea and effort that leads as a helping hand to people who do not get water. This tool helps to store more water and help human live better.
http://www.designlife-cycle.com/hippo-rollerCongo is the water rich country in Africa. But 52% of the water is not used for the household work and drink. The government is also not taking any step to save clean water and the condition is going worst day by day in Congo. There are a lot of political, developmental and health issues.

WATER SUPPLY PROBLEMS:

 

  1. Cross-joints leakage;
  2. Low quality rubber gaskets;
  3. hook coamings;
  4. leakage of transverse packing;
  5. Drainage channels are not proper

(WWW.SAFETY4SEA.COM)
Health issues in Congo:

  1. The mortality rate is 9.4per 1000 people.
  2. Endemic diseases are malaria and yellow fever,
  3. Diarrheal diseases such as typhoid and cholera was on higher in 2018

(UNICEF REPORT)
Rolling water drum convenient for consumer:
Its easily carry 3 time more water than a traditional method or carrying water on the head without less efforts.
The claimed benefits include:

  1. time savings
  2. time consuming
  3. reduced effort; (easy to pull and push)
  4. reduced stress
  5. easy to clean
  6. affordable to purchase

Preferred customers :it is specially designed for rural people, who walk for miles to carry waters. Villages in Congo does not have proper water supply. so, they are dependent on water bodies like river and lakes.
Better for rough surface – rough road makes difficulties to carry water, whereas, drums is easy to push and pull the volume of water.
Affordable – the most of villagers are poor, which easy purchase drums for the usage of water
Durable – drums are made with the heavy plastic due to which it difficult to break and stay for long time.

WAREHOUSE PORT OF MATADI (AFRICA)

After the completion of the barrels, the drums will process for package process in which 4 drums will be placed on a flat wooden platform with the upper part of the drums wrapped with plastics and pilled one above other. This packaging will make sure that the drums are tightly packed and sealed. The barcodes are added as the part of the labelling which is easy to count and enter the information about the quantity made and supplied.
The product will be provided with a manual guide with preferred languages of the locality so that the people can use the product with ease. After this process, the drums will be transported to warehouse near the docks from where they will be ready to be shipped to the other country. (via ships)

FEASIBILITY OF WATER ROLLING DRUM:


The Hippo Water Roller targets to relieve the day by day conflict of women and children with the aid of helping them to without difficulty shipping more water at a time from water factors located far from their houses.
The Hippo Water Roller is the most green and appropriate technology to obtain this purpose and is nicely hooked up in the ones communities that have been lucky sufficient to benefit from this task.
Instead of being carried in a 20 l bucket on the top, the burden of the water remains on the ground in a drum. A metallic clip-on handle lets in the ladies and youngsters to roll the drum by means of both pushing and pulling it, depending on gradients.
Compared to a bucket, the Hippo Water Roller allows 5x extra water to be carried home. As an additional advantage, it saves time and while women can use it for other family tasks, children can attend school more frequently, resulting in better education.
Basic hygiene and fitness may be drastically progressed and lengthy-term accidents from sporting heavy weights are prevented.
The durable design guarantees a lifespan of five to 7 years and often even longer, depending on triumphing situations. The upkeep-unfastened layout - no consumable parts - ensures sustainability and lengthy-time period success in faraway locations.
"A smarter manner to acquire water."

IMPORT AND EXPORT DUTIES OF WATER ROLLING DRUM:


Import duties:

  1. The popular rate of vat is 16%.
  2. Custom tariff rate of transport hippo water rolling drum is 5%.

Export duties:
Rate of vat on export water rolling drum is 0%.
Competitors price of hippo water rolling drum
The rollers value around $125 every and they're specifically allotted via NGOs.
But we will sell our product at the value of $ 80.
so that it can be afford by poor communities also.
As well as lower price of the product will also help in increasing the sales of the product.

DESIGN RESEARCH:

A holder intended to effortlessly move 100 litres of water over long separations. The imaginative plan permits water to be put inside the "wheel" as opposed to conveyed over the wheel.
The 100kg (200 pounds) weight of water is borne on the ground bringing about a powerful weight of simply 11kg (22 pounds) on level ground. Kids and the old can without much of a stretch deal with a full roller over most sorts of territory.
Broad field tests over numerous years and different honours have demonstrated the adequacy of the Rolling water drum. Around multiple times the typical measure of water would now be able to be gathered in less time with far less exertion.
The drum is fabricated from UV settled Polyethylene and has been intended to withstand commonplace country conditions, for example, lopsided pathways, shakes and even broken containers.
The enormous opening (135 mm/5.3-inch distance across) takes into consideration simple filling and cleaning of the inside. The fixed top guarantees sterile capacity of water and the steel handle gives firm power over troublesome territory while pushing or pulling the roller.

Customer Preference: 


The individuals of Congo have never been to country Africa. There is no cash for channels and siphons. The rough landscape is so troublesome, it's absolutely impossible to lay pipes without enormous hardware regardless of whether you had pipes.
What's more, above all, those of us having water running from a tap have not encountered the colossal hardship of conveying water on your head for a significant distance to endure. A water roller for the ladies of Africa is new, and totally ground-breaking.
This new arrangement is known as Rolling Water Drum. It is basically an enormous, round, barrel holder that conveys 5x more water per trip. At the point when filled, it very well may be pulled as a roller on the ground, taking the strain away from people and heads.
Above all, the compartment holds a few days' water supply so ladies are not devoured by different excursions consistently.
So people will prefer our product for usage in day to day life to make their life simple for fetching water so they can use that time in other works.

Purchasing Power: 


Buying influence is the estimation of a cash communicated as far as the measure of products or administrations that one unit of cash can purchase.
Buying power is significant in light of the fact that, all else being equivalent, swelling diminishes the measure of products or administrations you would have the option to buy.
The cost of the water roller drum is $80 and shipping charges. They are fabricated utilizing a particular procedure "roto-forming".
It takes one hour to make one unit. The normal life expectancy is 8-10 years and regularly more.
Whenever took a shot at a normal of one roller shared by in any event 2 family units, 8 individuals for every family, and goes on for a long time, it likens to under $1.5 per individual every year.
The moving water drums will be delivered in Canada and we are exchanging it to Congo and other those nations where the inventory of water isn't effectively accessible.

Bibliography:

 

  • https://www.export.gov/article?series=a0pt0000000GnEdAAK&type=Country_Commercial__kavhttp://www.designlife-cycle.com/hippo-rollerwww.operationhunger.co.zawww.care.orghttp://www.designlife-cycle.com/hippo-rollerhttps://www.fastcompany.com/1309505/balancing-tradeoffs-evolution-hippo-rollerhttps://www.globalcitizen.org/en/content/how-the-hippo-roller-is-changing-lives-across-the/