Products of Oil in Our Everyday Lives

When a liquid is heated, the particles are given more energy. They start to move faster and further apart. At a certain temperature, the particles break free of one another and the liquid turns to gas. This is the boiling point.

When a substance is heated its molecules move faster. You can see this in a pot of water when you heat it on the stove. As the water gets hotter its molecules begin to move until the water is boiling. When gases are heated, the same thing happens. As gas is heated up the amount of space the gas takes up increases.  

Many liquids freeze (turn solid). Some liquids have great changes in their (measure of how fast a liquid pours) as they cool, some do not. Liquid Helium is an exception, there is no solid phase of Helium at standard pressure.

When a gas is cooled down, the atoms containing/making up the gas have less energy to move around. The atoms tend to (shorten/change from gas to liquid) and move closer together, causing them to occupy a less amount of space.

Pascal\'s law (also Pascal\'s way of thinking/basic truth/rule or the way of thinking/basic truth/rule of transmission of fluid-pressure) is a way of thinking/basic truth/rule in fluid mechanics given by Blaise Pascal that states that a pressure change at any point in a trapped incompressible fluid is transmitted throughout the fluid such that the same change happens everywhere. The law was established by French math expert Blaise Pascal in 1647-48.

Pascal\'s law says that when the pressure at any point in a static fluid in a closed system is changed, the change in pressure will break up and move away equally throughout the fluid. That is, the pressure at a point far away from the area of change will change by the same amount as a point nearby.

 Water makes up 50 to 70 per cent of the weight of the adult human body and differs/changes inversely as the fat content. This talked about/said amount of water is distributed throughout the body as the major part of the (within a cell) and (outside of a cell) fluids. The (within a cell) fluids amount to about 50 per cent of the body weight in a lean individual and much less in a (very overweight) person. The (outside of a cell) fluids represent about 20 per cent of the body weight.

The Fluids in Advanced Manufacturing research group examines chemical and physical (important events or patterns of things) of polymeric, (related to the body function of living things) and nanomaterials when exposed to advanced fluid-based manufacturing ways of doing things. Our goal is to join newly appearing technologies with novel routes to including into devices. In a multi-(related to control or punishment) and industry-linked (list of things to deal with/desire to reach a goal), we also think about/believe very important downstream (things that make it more likely that someone will get a disease) to allow fast (combination of different things together that work as one unit) of our work into a functioning industrial value chain.

We use the products of oil all the time in our everyday lives. Usually, the process of getting this oil from deep below Earth\'s surface doesn\'t cause large-scale problems. But when there is an oil spill, it can be terrible. If you think back to just a few years ago you\'ll recall the Deepwater (line in the distance where the Earth and sky meet) oil spill, which was the largest marine oil spill in U.S. history. Starting April 20, 2010 and lasting 87 days, over 130 million gallons of oil leaked out into the Gulf of Mexico, affecting sea/ocean life, coastal (processes of people making, selling, and buying things), and even presenting dangers to human health.

Oil spills may happen all around us. Since oil products include a lot of common fuels, it is obvious that oil spills may happen at high rates and in many locations, including (where there are lots of homes) areas. Surface oil spills are easy to identify and will leave little parts that can be seen such as oil stains, as well as other (typical and expected) signs such as odors due to the vapors gave off/given off by the spilled oil. The underground oil spills are harder to catch and yet may be more filled with problems (oil may reach (underground water that supplies wells) more easily and travel with it). Both surface and underground oil spills have the possible ability to contaminate soils, (material that sinks in liquid), water ((underground water that supplies wells) and surface water bodies), and air (due to many dangerous and unstable compounds gave off/given off by the spilled oil into the air).