According to Dudgeon et al. (165), the magnitude of the world freshwater crisis together with the risk associated with it have been significantly underestimated. It is crystal clear that around one billion of people globally are without reliable supplies of safe water. Moreover, more than two billion people lack basic sanitation. Water is the key element when it comes to attainment of the United Nations millennium development goals whose aims were set to expire on 2015. However, the world still lag behind on the sanitation targets which is estimated to be missed by almost 1 billion people.
Water forms the core necessity for life, but this seems not to be a reality to much of global population. In strategic response on the global water crisis, social impact organization have been on the front line to eliminate threats imposed by the crisis, saves lives and transform societies for better. Apart from The World Water Day, several agencies address world water crisis by working toward the common goal of clean and safe water provision.
In dealing with world water crisis, there has been an establishment of several Global Associations among the nation to address the water shortage issues. For instance, the Quebec Declaration on the World water crisis which outlines programs and steps towards a modern water ethics for the planet to strengthen the global economies at the same time ensuring environmental sustainability (Bigas, 2012). They provide adaptabilities capacity at the national level in the face of growing climate change experienced by the humankind. The association recommends placement of water in the frontline of the global political agenda and connecting climate change research and adaption programs to the water crisis.
Partnership with local leaders: A typical example is Blood: Water's Initiatives which has partnered with African communities to fight HIV/AIDS and water crisis. Since its launch in 2004, the body has worked with many grassroots organizations and has managed to bring clean water to one million people in 11 different countries (Montgomery, 19). They have established various strategies and solutions to meet every community's varying needs. In most cases, the local partners are educated and empowered to come up with the best solution that would best serve their communities. Moreover, the leaders are given the opportunity to educate their people through training sessions, meeting and support groups.
Generosity.org: Is an agency which has facilitated the provision of safe water to Haiti, Ghana, Uganda, and India. In collaboration, they leverage the knowledge and expertise of their local partners to chose the appropriate water solution as per the region, which may entail different water wells, rain water harvesting system and spring protection system (Feachem, 25). To enhance the communal participation, a local water committee is a pointed to offer
supervision, construction, and maintenance of each water project. Furthermore, local partners also facilitate the establishment of a relationship between the initiative and with each community thereby providing sanitation and hygiene training. The Generosity.org has managed to launch 729 projects in 19 countries which are currently serving more than 415, 000 people to date. Splash: Splash is a nongovernmental body that aims at building a sustainable project, their main objective is to serve the disadvantaged cities by collaborating with the local government and businesses. They also provide filtration systems, educate children on effective hygiene matters and train the local organization and businesses to properly maintain toilets. Splash established safe water projects through a strategic partnership with the local entity to consolidate long lasting solutions. They also extend their collaboration with the government to keep in line with the targeted population, quality of services to be offered and to truck down duplication of services.
The local businesses are involved to ensure that product related to water filtration, sanitation and hand washing are easily accessible by the local communities. Household education: A strategic response to global water crisis also involves educating of the locals to provide awareness (Tilbury, 2002). For example Lifewater International which is a Christian water development organization, serves the vulnerable children and families through underserved communities partnership. East Africa and Southeast Asia are some of the examples of underserved areas. Community members typically conduct change from each household through participation in the development process. The initiative has managed to provide over 50,000 people with safe drinking water, hygiene, and sanitation as well as completing 107 water projects.
Planet water foundation: They frequently offer services to the school, children, and rural communities globally through the installation of water filtration system and launching health education programs. The vision of the Planet Water Foundation is to serve 5 million people by 2020. Furthermore, safe water network has been launched to build affordable, locally owned water systems for communities in Ghana and India.
In conclusion, the ecological effects of the water crisis are similarly disturbing. Various, total and exacerbating issues with water supply and quality are focalizing all globally. Expanding populace development is as of now contending with nature for limited water resources. A developing number of rivers don't make it to the ocean, and there is boundless surface and groundwater sullying that makes profitable water supplies unfit for different uses. A developing number of contaminants, for example, endocrine-altering substances, will request higher wastewater treatment standard and more thorough checking of water contaminants.
- Bigas, Harriet. "The global water crisis: Addressing an urgent security issue." (2012).
- Dudgeon, David, et al. "Freshwater biodiversity: importance, threats, status and conservation challenges." Biological reviews 81.02 (2006): 163-182.
- Feachem, Richard G. "Community participation in appropriate water supply and sanitation technologies: The mythology for the decade." Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B:Biological Sciences 209.1174 (1980): 15-29.
- Montgomery, Maggie A., and Menachem Elimelech. "Water and sanitation in developing countries: including health in the equation." Environmental Science & Technology 41.1 (2007): 17-24.
- Tilbury, Daniella. Education and sustainability: responding to the global challenge. IUCN, 2002.