Natural Resources

History of Coal, Its Burning and Methods for Improving Its Use

Coal is the most abundant fossil fuel and also regarded, as the dirtiest not only is coal inherently impure by composition by the fact that it contains ash and sulfur; coal is also difficult to burn completely. Many techniques to combust coal have been developed since the late 1800's. "The first innovation were more concerned with achieving more complete combustion and reducing manual labor than they were with pollution and economic" (Ruzie 1) The history of coal can be dated b…


An Idea in Dealing with Dependence of Human on Oil

Human dependence on oil is a large burden currently placed on many countries in the world. The economies of many nations are finally recovering after the world market crash of 2008, and this recovery is largely made possible by oil, as it provides a main source of energy for billions of humans. As the world nears peak oil production, the looming danger of running out of an energy source grows ever larger without a clear solution. Many scientists and environmental proponents alike have voiced th…


Natural Gas as a Bridge into Renewable Resources

The use of natural gas as our “bridge” or our means to sustain our way of living until renewable resource technologies become reliable is a topic of fierce debate. In fact, the issue was raised in the last State of the Union Address by our President who spoke of the possibilities we can achieve with natural gas under the right and safe conditions, “...it's the bridge fuel that can power our economy with less of the carbon pollution that causes climate change. Businesses pl…


The Issues of Attracting Chinese to Russia

Keywords: Russia, Far East, China, infrastructure, investment Literature review  Foreign direct investment. Definition. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) defines foreign direct investment (FDI) as “a category of international investment that reflects the objective of a resident in one economy obtaining a lasting interest in an enterprise resident in another economy. The lasting interest implies the existence of a long-term relationship between the direct investor a…


Colonization; History and Implication to Date

INTRODUCTION: In this paper we will cover multiple content related to colonization. From history, different time periods in which many countries colonized hundreds of countries, Europe controlling the entirety of the world, especially the British Empire and France, constant war between the indigenous people of America and the colonizers and Asia overtaken by multiple countries. Then we will discuss in depth for what purposes did these countries colonize the lands; slavery (manual labor), nat…


Why Creative Education is Essential

“Every child is an artist, the problem is staying an artist when you grow up” said Pablo Picasso. Do you think Picasso could drew The Weeping Woman if his father was not so supportive of his dreams?How many children with immense creativity and talent are being lost to faulty education system? It is no question that people who are inventing things for humanity are immensely creative. So question is why education system is trying to force children who are gifted with creativity to bec…


Effect of CRISPR on Today Society

Plants and crops are risky towards pests and pathogen, bacteria, fungi and insects which will affect its healthiness and life expectancy. Plants and crops without any protection against these threats are easily infected with disease cause by pests and microorganisms. According to a research, the worldwide crop production loss in about an average of 26% annually because of pre-harvest pest and pathogen. In the older days, without the presence of genetic resistance in agriculture, the production…


National Heritage: Qatar National Library

Qatar National Library (QNL) acts as a steward of Qatar’s national heritage which this library has collecting, preserving and making available the country’s recorded history. The library has fosters and promotes the greater global insight into the history and culture of the Gulf region where it is their role as a research library with preeminent heritage library. The QNL which is a public library have provide equal access for all of Qatar’s residents to an environment that sup…


Policy and Frame Work to Achieve Sustainable livelihood

In qualitative, sustainable development production replaces depreciated assets, and births replace deaths so that stocks of wealth and people are continually renewed and even improved. (Daily, 1990).Sustainable development must be inclusive and pay particular attention to the needs of the poorest and most vulnerable. Strategies need to be creative, action-oriented and collaborative, and adapt to multiple growth levels involving systemic changes in consumption and production patterns and could l…


Common Property and Common Problem

The waste of public problems around the world is becoming increasingly serious and the natural damage is increasing. These problems arise because public property has not been well addressed to solve public problems. The key is that government departments and relevant authorities do not supervise, inaction and local residents do not have a strong sense. I think there are two things that can be done to change these situations: One of the most critical parts is the implementation of these policie…


Economic and International Trade in Australia

Introduction The mining sector is interested in processing valuable minerals and other natural resources. The minerals extracted are converted into a mineralized shape that provides the prospector or miner with an economic benefit. Mining has great impact on economic of many countries. There are four main mining segments which are divided on the bases of resources they produce: gas and oil mining, coal mining, metal ore mining and non-metallic mineral mining. Developing economies are now m…


The Possible Use of Common Property

I believe that the key to using public property to solve public problems lies in the strong supervision of government departments and relevant responsible departments and the awareness of local residents.Government departments or regulatory departments should formulate corresponding policies, and these departments should ensure that these policies are well implemented.One of the most critical part is that after the implementation of these policies are, no matter for or against by the local resi…


The Main Idea of Aquinas

Aquinas presented a cosmological argument and decided the first way to prove the existence of God was to concentrate on the ways in which objects move, grow or change in state. He drew this from Aristotle’s observation that every single thing in the universe that moves is moved by something else. The second way is very similar but instead of the idea of change, it’s replaced with the concept of cause. Aquinas argued that every ‘effect’ has a ‘cause’. The thir…


Impact of Natural Resources on Africa`s Economic Growth

Over two decades, Africa has recorded a good performance in terms of economic growth with robust GDP growth of about 5.0 percent. Despite such a good performance, the problem of poverty remains unsolvable in the region (the level of poverty in the region 41 percent compared to other developing regions). It further states adds that although sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) achieved an average reduction in its unweighted Gini coefficient—from about 0.47 to 0.43 between 1991 and 2011— the regi…


Difference between Theories of Development

Theories have over many centuries been used to explain or test phenomena. Theories are applied in both scientific or arts investigations. Due to the diversity in their application, some theories have been developed to explain how development occurs and these are known as theories of development. Theories of development that have been expounded by scholars include: modernization theory, dependency theory, classical theory and many others. It is the premise of this paper to answer the question: W…


The Idea of "The Resource Curse"

1. Introduction The resource curse is a term that was discovered by Richard M. Auty back in 1993. Auty explored this phenomenon in terms of how nations with rich resources often develop more slowly, more corruptly, more violently and more with authoritarian governments than others. The resource curse describes the phenomenon of how, when a poor country discovers vast natural wealth, other countries around the world are not impressed. Basically the resource curse entails how what should be …


Pollution of Environment by Heavy Metal

INTRODUCTION The stress on natural resources is increasing day by day due to increasing human population and rapid industrialization thus, their maintenance and conservation remains the ultimate challenge for the mankind. Environmental pollution (i.e. land, water and air) tends to be a devastating issue being faced by human life over the last few decades. However, aquatic contamination is trickier to be measured than terrestrial and air contamination (Barton 2003). The heavy metal contamin…


Natural Resources of Ethnic Groups

Every ethnic group has their own system of traditional medicine and make use ofnatural resources around their habitats for many medicinal purposes. This traditional erudition is bequeathed orally from one generation to the other through tribulation and error methods .Ethnobotany is mainly a part of taxonomy and floristic studies, the todays traditional medicine studies have advanced much and have developed into several subdisciplines.The introduction part has been divided and discussed into foc…


Natural Resources of African Country

Introduction The African continent has been characterized by conflict. The primary cause of these conflicts being the natural resources which Africa is endowed with. Some of the conflicts are along ethnic differences and religious differences. Efforts to ensure that peace prevails on the continent have failed to reach a lasting solution. Violent and non violent means have not afforded the continent the much needed peace. There is however hope that peace education which is a relatively new …


Growth Drivers and Challenges in The Economy of China

Introduction The report shows some of the growth drivers and challenges in the economy of china. China is among the highly rising country in the economic sector even to date hence my best selection for the report discussion. In four decades the economy of china had risen from a lowly developing country to a chief economic power. In the year 2019 as from the GDP (PPP) growth per capital, china was positioned 73rd,, with a GDP of about $14.3 trillion. The country was worth $23 trillion from …


The Influence of European Union

At the time of the formation of the first States and international unions, their activity largely depended not only on the forms of its own internal state structure, but also on the organizational forms of interstate communication, when some United supranational bodies continue and complete the functional activities of internal state organizations. This influence is reflected to this day, increasing its role in the development of human existence, when people realized that only joint efforts can…


Impact of Globalization on Usage of Natural Resources

There is a necessity of international economic and developmental cooperation, mutual trade, which exist during many decades. Many worldwide organizations have been established over the last millennium. Globalization in the world has begun to gain momentum. This led not only to the positive results that were expected in the beginning but also negative. In order mutual trade and economic cooperation to guarantee peace between of all nations on the planet, profit for all countries should be equal…


Usage of Natural Resource in Energy Security

The term energy security could be described as a vague concept as it is that which has different meanings to various people. Some literature even suggest that the term is undefinable as what It means to a group of individuals might be different from what it will mean to another. Nonetheless, the term energy security could be described to mean the stable supply of energy which involves oil and gas, liquid fuels and electricity to a particular population as the time they need it and at a reasonab…


A Review of Asbestos and the Associated Disease

Asbestos is the name for a group of naturally occurring silicate minerals that can be separated into fibers. The fibers are strong, durable, and resistant to heat and fire. They are also long, thin and flexible. Asbestos fibers can be molded or woven into various fabrics. Because it is nonflammable and a poor heat conductor, asbestos has been widely used to make fireproof products such as safety clothing for fire fighters and insulation products such as hot-water piping. Asbestos has also been …


A Revelation of Horrid Living Conditions of Coal Minners

The living condition of miners was shocking and horrid. They lived in shacks inside their patch village (neighborhood) which was owned by the coal company. As well as the coal company owning the houses they also owned the schools the church the store where they inflated prices and forced miners to buy there supplies there by threatening them there jobs if they didn't. They even owed the police. As the coal companies continued to treat miners with deplorable working conditions, low wages …


A Research on the Gold Mining Industry

Gold mining is a rapidly growing industry, with new laws being passed each day for protection of waterways, endangered species and their habitats. New ways of extracting the gold are also being introduced. Gold is a very valuable substance, both financially and scientifically. Gold is completely unreactive with oxygen, so it will never rust or tarnish. It is one of the most conductive of all metals, and is only not used because of its high price. The ductility and malleability of gold is unp…


A Research on the Effects of the Use of Lead in Paints

From the early 1900s to the late 1970s, the U.S Department of Commerce, Interior and Agriculture encouraged homeowners and builders to use lead based paint. The use of lead as an additive in the paint was preferred as the paint would be more durable. Because of this, most of the homes that were built before the 1980s have lead-based paint. The use of lead based paints was banned in the U.S in 1978. This is after research revealed that use of these paints in homes caused tremendous health proble…


A Report on the Frasch Process of Mining Sulphur

Sulphur is a tasteless, odorless, light-yellow colored element that has been sought after for years for uses such as: sulphur compounds, medicine, matches, rubber, dyes, gunpowder, photography, and many more uses. But sulphur has not always been easy to obtain. That is until a man named Herman Frasch invented a new way to harvest the underground supplies of sulphur Before 1891 almost all sulphur came from Sicily. A German born American chemist named Herman Frasch changed that fact. Frasch in…


A Discussion on the Use of the Use of Coal and Fossil Fuels as the Source of Energy During the Industrial Revolution

During the Industrial Revolution coal and other fossil fuels were used as a source of energy. They were burned and the gas given off was harmful to the atmosphere. Unknowingly factories burned fossil fuel causing what we call the greenhouse effect. Unfortunately, factories continue to burn these fuels. Also causes acid rain. Acid rain is caused by oxides of sulfur, carbon, and nitrogen from burning fossil fuels combine with moisture in the air. In 1981 alone, 264 million tons of waste was pr…


Petroleum Industry in China and the Disadvantages and Advantages of State Owned Oil Companies

The People's Republic of China's (PRC) has a demand for oil because of its rapid population growth and production growth. The petroleum request has been a global issue that can significantly affect the international relations and the status quo. It is important to know the history and structure of the Chinese petroleum industry, China's consumption and production of petroleum, and China's role in the world oil industry. China is the world's second larg…


A History of Exxon Valdez Oil Spill in 1989

The Exxon Valdez oil spill happened on March 24, 1989. Although the story is still unclear on how the ship had gotten into this huge accident, it was very clear on what damage this accident had caused. The Exxon Valdez encountered iceburgs in the shipping lanes and the captain them advised another man to take over the steering of the ship that wasnt a licensed captain. The captain, when found, was intoxicated and had a significant amount of alcohol in his system. This lead the captain of the sh…


A History of Eppleton Colliery the Oldest Coal Mines in Europe

When it closed in 1986 Eppleton Colliery was one of the oldest coal mines left in Europe. Work on a shaft at the site at Hetton Downs, in Hetton-le-Hole, was started in 1825. The mine was owned by the Hetton Coal Company, which also owned Elemore Colliery in Easington Lane. It took 8 years to finally finish this first shaft, called The Caroline pit. It took so long because soon after digging down, the miners found lots of sand and water. The work was very dangerous because the mine often caved …


A Description of Mining as One of the Largest Commercial Jobs

Mining is one of the largest commercial jobs. The word mining doesnt sound very important to ordinary peoples who doesnt know geology. After I read this book, I knew our culture need industrial minerals more than they need anything else except food, but even food could not be produced without minerals. There are only a few of the worlds five billion people who dont rely on mineral everyday. Unfortunately, there is many factors concerning these industrial activities. Will it make profit or is it…


A Debate About Hydraulic Fracturing (Fracking) and Its Environmental Impact

Hydraulic fracturing, better known as fracking has been a hot environmental topic in our society today. Fracking is the process of drilling into the layers of the Earth's crust using a high pressurized mixture of water, sand, and chemicals. This process is used to release natural gas that is buried in underground shale rocks. In today's society, the need for natural gas is becoming more necessary. Because of this, debate about if fracking is safe for the quality of groundwater and if th…


Environmental Dangers Caused by Oil Spills

Oil is a product used by everyone, but sometimes oil is a problem. An oil spill is a leakage from an oceangoing tanker, pipelines, or other oil sources. Oil spills occur very frequently and cause enormous ecological harm. About eight million barrels of oil are spilled each year. Tankers usually carry about five-hundred million barrels of oil. Many oil spills, large inland or ocean coverage, have had major impacts on the earth and its inhabitants. Many animals are dying,…


Mining Techniques and Large Amounts of Gold

The way to discover large amounts of gold, was to have the perfect mining technique. One of the earliest techniques was panning and cradling. This method consisted of a pick, a shovel and a washing dish and people either worked by themselves, or in a small group. First of all, panning was a simple method but required a lot of skill. It worked by loading sediment onto the washing device which had a sieve(strain), and moving the pan to and fro until the heavier gold was separated from the dirt th…


Natural Resources in Turkey

  External marketing environment including social and culture environment, political environment, natural environment, technological environment, economics environment and demographic environment. Key challenges and opportunities of FedEx would be delivered after the analysis.Turkey located in Southeastern Europe and Southwestern Asia, combined modern, western-style and secular nation-state, Atatürk disestablished Islam as the state religion, adopted Western legal codes, and establ…


Main Point Raised in Hunter

According to Hunter, Twine and Johnson (2011:1), the purpose of the article is to explore and give a detailed understanding of how various coping strategies are applied by poor rural households in South Africa when it comes to the use of natural resources, the consumption of natural resources, the acquisition of natural resources as well as the selection of natural resources. It further looks into the application of these strategies in the case of the death of a key household member who is an i…


Fishing of Sri Lanka and India

The following principle I chose for my case study is the last pillar which is being a consistent and credible partner. In its meaning, that Singapore needed to be trustworthy and reliable I choose the fish fight between Sri Lanka and India as my case story. Fishermen of Sri Lanka and India shared the same fishing ground named Palk bay which is also known as Sethusamudram that is well known for its huge number of special fishes. (Sarvananthan, 2019) In the 1970 both India and Sri Lanka made a…


Impact of Climate on Person`s Life

Throughout my years of living in three different countries, I came to find out that living in a place of either subtropical or tropical climate has a huge impact on its people. Generally speaking, there are two different types of climates in our globe, one consisting of four seasons, spring ,summer ,autumn, and winter, which is called a subtropical climate, and another type of climate consisting of only dry and wet seasons ,which only countries in the equator enjoy, called the tropical climate.…


A Business Strategy of Coal Procurement from India to Overseas

Recently we shifted our source of coal procurement from India to overseas but coal from overseas is delivered on port in bulk unlike domestic coal that normally arrives on site in relatively smaller chunks. On the contrary, the demand of coal by our clients is spread over longer periods. This contrast of supply and demand of overseas coal is the biggest challenge facing our business. Moreover, most other suppliers have lagged far behind in matching their sales with the supply. Consequently, the…


A Brief Introduction to Tropical Savanna a Part of the Grassland Biome

Savannas are part of the Grassland biome, and are generally found in regions dominated by the Wet-Dry Climate. Tropical Savannas encompass almost one half of the entire continent of Africa as well as many parts of Australia, India, Mexico, and South America. The Tropical Savannas in Australia take up over one-third of the country, and provide natural resources that contribute much of the money that supports the national economy. The Climate is the most important factor in creating a savanna.…


A Brief History of the Steam Coal in Rhondda

Section A Coal in the Rhondda was, in its time was the best steam coal in the world. From its rise in the 1850s, till its fall in 1983, the Rhondda has been both a place of hope and a place of despair. But as well as this it has been a ray off hope for the working class, with the workers and there families of the this small south Wales vally standing up for there basic rights and pay, standing up for what they believe is right Over the years the Rhondda valley has changed dramatically. It…


Problem of Maine's Lobster Population

  I believe that the key to using public property to solve public problems lies in the strong supervision of government departments and relevant responsible departments and the awareness of local residents.Government departments or regulatory departments should formulate corresponding policies, and these departments should ensure that these policies are well implemented.One of the most critical part is that after the implementation of these policies are, no matter for or against by the …


Developed Country and Economic Growth

  Factors Responsible For Economic Growth In The Emerging Countries (BRIC) The word BRIC stands for Brazil, Russia, India, and China. These nations are part of emerging economies and have become strong players in the production of manufactured goods, services, and raw materials. Their emergence as economic powerhouses is shown by the steady growth of the market value of the goods and services produced by these economies over time. Capital Formation These countries have been abl…


Natural Resources of Aboriginal People

Aboriginal people were the firsts people inhabitant North America. They are three groups of Aboriginal people who are the Metis, Inuit, and the First National. When the Aboriginal people had contact with Europeans, they have a significant impact on their life such as land, culture and equality of life. First, the land is essential to aboriginal livelihood, but also, they have a spiritual connection with the natural surroundings. The First Nation was able to satisfice their needs with natural re…


The Traditional Village Council of Wanchos

With their unique nature the tribal groups are mostly the aboriginal and native people of the region, the tribal can be characterize as a group of people or a community shares numerous resemblance as mention in a Imperial Gazetteer of India ‘A tribe is a collection of families bearing a common name, speaking a common dialect, occupying or professing to occupy a common territory and is not usually endogamous though originally it might have been so’. The tribal groups thus have a comm…


Peruvian Natural Resources

Peru has several natural resources. Its extended geography and weather provide a favorable environment for animals and plants to live and grow. Agricultural potential and good fishing are two of the oldest but more stable industries favoring Peru’s economic development, having cotton, potatoes and fish as the best examples and main sources to support their development. Peruvian Cotton Peruvian cotton is considered one the best worldwide, prized for its exceptional durability and sof…


Natural Resources

Natural resources are not evenly distributed on the earth surface (Odewumi and Patrick 2005: 192), thus economic imbalance and community relations becomes mandatory in order to benefit from each other since state cannot survive in isolation. Various parts of the world differ in climate, soil, topography, water bodies, natural vegetation, minerals wealth and other natural endowment (Odewumi and Patrick 2005: 192). Natural Resources from the above perspective constitute Nature-given material asse…