In an era of increasing globalization, climate crisis and environmental issues seem to be one of the biggest problems we face in today’s society. From the opening of the new shipping route to the industrial revolution to the present era of science and technology and complete industrialization, it can be said that economic development has been affirmed. But our living environment is unwittingly sacrificed. In the long history of society, human beings have gradually realized the crisis of climate, and some theories about the environment have been put forward—for example, conquest mentality, environmental justice, and corporate sustainability.
And humanity has proposed many environmentalist solutions to environmental degradation and to the expectations of an ideal society, among which are those of technological revision and ecological socialism and decolonization.
The conquering mentality is that people treat the earth and nature just as men treat women. The natural resources of the planet are granted to human beings, and they can take them from the ground endlessly.
Believe that man is the master of nature, to conquer nature. Corporate sustainability is a business strategy that aims to create long-term benefits for the business. The strategy is manifested in social, environmental, cultural and economic aspects. In agribusiness, business sustainability can include concepts such as organic farming, urban horticulture, and sustainable agriculture. Environmental justice generally refers to the right of all people, regardless of nationality and class, to be free from ecological destruction. The purpose of environmental justice is to adequately protect the equal environmental rights for human beings and reduce the unequal relationship between human beings.
In the book “Capitalism Nature seminar,” author Martinez Alier puts it: “The words environmental justice was initially 2 in The United States in The early 1980s for local complaints against’ environmental racism, i.e., for, The disproportionate pollution burdens in areas primarily inhabited by disadvantaged ethnic groups.” (Martinez Alier 51). It also includes the distribution of ecological benefits and looks at the social causes of the environmental crisis and the correct countermeasures to solve it. Therefore, when it comes to the environment, it is regarded as “environmental discrimination” to treat race, gender or country differently. In addition, “unfair environment” refers to some harmful substances being placed in communities or public places, so that some vulnerable people are treated unfairly.
In my opinion, the conquest mentality is the least persuasive in improving the earth’s environment. Still, environmental justice and modern environmentalism are the most convincing and play an essential role in environmental protection, among which environmental justice is the most persuasive and the most important. Because the conquest mentality contains the wrong understanding of the relationship between man and nature, putting a man in the opposite position of life. It leads to unbridled plunder and destruction of the environment, making man and nature are still in a state of disharmony. However, environmental justice and enterprise sustainability are in line with the development requirements of the society. It is human beings who, after suffering the consequences of destroying the ecological environment, begin to wake up, re-understand and adjust the relationship between man and nature, and actively explore a development path that integrates production development, prosperity, and functional ecology. However, the object of environmental justice is equal. To achieve environmental justice is not the responsibility of one person, it is the joint efforts of a society. Therefore, only by constructing environmental justice based on community can environmental problems be eliminated fundamentally. Business sustainability ignores this, and this theory has many shortcomings: for example, it does not fully understand the source of class interests. In the long run, it only reinforces wasteful and polluting practices. Failure to pay attention to environmental justice exposes its shortcomings.
To solve this problem of globalization, I believe that these two solutions are the best: technological fixes and eco-socialism and indigenous decolonized environmentalism. Technical modification refers to the use of technology to transform and solve existing environmental problems. It emphasizes the recycling of pollution-reducing energy engineering techniques, such as water conservancy and wind power generation, and rainwater collection. This solution is a new solution to the climate problem proposed in modern times. To a certain extent, it can protect the ecological environment and reduce the climate crisis. Ecological socialism and decolonized environmentalism refer to the solution of the contemporary environmental crisis. It relates to Marxist theory, as the main idea, which requires fairness and freedom. To overcome the plight of human existence to find a way to not only eliminate the ecological crisis but also to achieve socialism. It means the use of the non-industrial development model; it is in line with the idea of environmental justice, the pursuit of ecological issues, and everyday enjoyment of the transformed environment.
I feel that eco-socialism and decolonizing environmentalism are best suited to my paradigm of environmental justice. As I have mentioned above, because of the risks associated with technology modification. The UN executive director Jonas Pasztor said in his article “climate change experts discuss the pros, cons, risks and regulatory challenges of global warming technologies”: “bioenergy technologies have many risks, both direct and indirect. If you use large amounts of land to produce bioenergy, you are likely to disrupt food production and cause global food prices to rise, probably hurting the poor and vulnerable. The immediate impact on the environment is that if you plant a lot of trees, you need water, and you use pesticides, and that will have an impact on biodiversity because these plants tend to be monocultures.” We may ignore the long-term risks when proposing technical fixes. Although biotechnology has reduced carbon emissions, it has also affected the quality of the land and has long done more harm than good. Moreover, when it comes to dealing with the climate problem, the immaturity of technology has left humanity in an awkward position. The international community may not be able to address these complicated challenges with the people of other countries, or they may not have a shared sense of responsibility. The eco-socialism and decolonized environmentalism mean a rejection of human industrialism and a reduction in the extent to which regional development. They can have a reasonable consensus on climate and environmental issues. Like ecological justice, they do not accept ecological discrimination. They rejected industrialization as the future of humanity and agreed to a plan to deindustrialize. It also means that the transfer of heavily polluting industries to backward countries and then the import of their products for domestic consumption. It is incompatible with eco-socialism and the decolonization of environmentalism. It is the end of the conquest of nature, and it guarantees the democratic rights and freedoms of some people at the bottom, not in the service of some employers. But in the freedom to create a fair and prosperous society.
My ideal society is a society surrounded by green trees, free from the hustle and bustle and pollution of big cities, where people enjoy the slow pace of life. It means that it requires some strong policy governance, such as transparency, fairness, and ethics. It also means that when the challenges of the climate crisis come together, there should be no environmental discrimination. Some developed countries or regions need to respect other backward countries and ensure that everyone can enjoy the freedom and rights of ecological resources when solving the climate problem. In short, I entirely agree with Prof. Foster, a famous theorist of ecological socialism in the United States. I think he is a very green agent of the future; he is a socialist regime, and he wants to get rid of some of the capitalist ills of industrialization. We all know that under the leadership of the capitalist system, a few wealth owners will produce and process in the backward regions. As a result, the environment in these following areas has been dramatically polluted, and under the socialist regime, this phenomenon will not appear. A political and cultural context in which the interests of a few may be sacrificed to achieve shared prosperity under a socialist regime. If the social economy is to move forward, the course of human beings is bound to move forward. We cannot return to the ancient society’s austere, green, and environmentally friendly social environment. Once a socialist-centric view of environmentalism takes shape, governments need to get serious about tackling the challenges of the climate crisis. At the same time of economic development, we must consider the environment, develop with the environment, and humanity and the environment coexist peacefully. Race, gender, and country deserve equal development opportunities and ethical, fair, and transparent environmental policies. To sum up, the values of human beings determine the formation of their ideal society. Therefore, a healthy and harmonious environment needs the efforts and transformation of many people.