Energy Generation Flooring System

Abstract

The continuously increasing demand of the electricity has made it necessary to come up with new and advance generation techniques that are different from the conventional and non -renewable type of electrical generation. The non- renewable methods of electricity generation needs fossil fuels which create a threat to the environment. It is because of this reason that new methods are being considered for generation of electricity.

One such new method is the generation of electricity through floor tiling system. The basic principle which will be used for electricity generation in the floor tiling system is the mutual induction. In normal floor tiling generation system piezoelectric type of sensor is used for the generation of electricity which is mounted on the ceramic tile. Whenever a vibration is put on the piezoelectric sensor, the energy of the vibration is converted into the electrical energy which is stored in the battery which can be used later on. In our work we have introduced the idea of flashlight instead of using a piezoelectric type of sensor mounted on ceramic tile.

Instead of using piezoelectric type of sensor, the use of flashlight reduces the overall cost of the system. The flashlight works on the principle of electromagnetic law of induction. The law of induction states that whenever a conductor is cut or is being cut by a magnetic field, EMF is induced in that conductor. The flashlight works on the same principle of magnetic induction.

The flashlight will be installed below the ceramic tile. Whenever a pressure is exerted on the ceramic tile the to and fro motion of the conductor in the flashlight in the magnetic field induces voltage in the flashlight. The generated electricity through the flash light will be stored in the battery which could be used for later purpose. The main objective was to reduce the overall cost of the electricity through floor tiling system for that purpose flashlight was used instead of using piezoelectric sensor.

The piezoelectric sensor increases the overall cost of electricity in these types of systems that's why we introduced the concept of using flashlight for the generation of electricity. Energy Generation Flooring System Introduction The field of energy generation has always been a topic of prime importance in the field of Electrical Engineering. The research community is always involved in improving the existing generation methods as well as introducing new methods for generation of electricity.

The electricity generation can be broadly categorized as renewable and non-renewable. The non-renewable type of electricity generation methods is also known as conventional type of generating system. The problem associated with the conventional type of generation system is that it is not good for the environment and health of the human being. Coal fired power plants, nuclear power plants, gas turbine power plants are all types of conventional type of generation systems. Though the amount of power produced by these power plants is of huge quantity but the world is focusing its interest towards a greener world and for that purpose they are shifting towards renewable type of generation system.

Generating electricity through wind, solar and water are included in the type of renewable type of generating system. But now the focus of the research community is focusing towards different types of generations systems also. These types of system might not give such a huge output power in the initial phase of its development but with the passage of time and development in these types of generation system we might be able to generate a huge amount of power through these unconventional types of generating system also.

Generation of electricity through this unconventional type of system includes generation of electricity through flooring system (Wang 2015). The demand of electricity generation is increasing daily up to great extent. Therefore to cater the increasing demand of the electricity new concepts of electricity generation is the topic of research area. Energy Scavenging is the concept that has been introduced in the electrical community. It can be defined as using the natural resources to save electrical energy to use it for later hours.

Scavenging energy offers several advantages such as cheap rates, easy to maintain and its greater flexibility. As we know that vibration has got energy in it and it can be used to generate electricity. This form of electricity generation will come under renewable type of generation. Using these types of electrical generation methods could reduce the dependence on conventional type of electricity generation. The main aim and objective of this report is to investigate and propose a method for the generation of electricity through flooring system.

As mentioned in the introduction of the report that there are so many methods available for the generation of electricity through conventional and unconventional methods. We will be focusing on the generation of the electricity through nonconventional sources of electricity. As we mentioned that we will be using the vibration as the prime source for the generation of the electricity. The vibration that is created whenever any person walks on the tile system of the proposed system the energy that is created due to the vibration is converted into the electrical energy through the process of electromagnetic induction Literature Review and back ground knowledge A lot of research has been carried out on electrical generation through conventional and non-conventional sources.

The world is focusing its research interest from conventional sources of electricity generation system to the renewable type of systems. The reason of focusing on renewable type of systems for the generation of electricity is that with the increase in the fossil fuel use the environmental pollution as well greenhouse effect is increasing (Zhou 2014). The increasing demand of the fossil fuel and its increasing cost has compelled the engineer’s community to divert the attention towards the renewable types of generation system.

Air, sun and water have been widely used for the generation of electricity and the capacity of generation through air and sun has also been increased in the recent past. Now apart from using air, sun and water other renewable sources are also been consider for the generation of electricity. One such source is the generation of electricity through the tile flooring system (Adnan Mohamed Elhalwagy 2017). In the mentioned paper the electricity has been generated through the process of floor tiling system through the piezoelectric type of tile system.

The philosophy used in this research paper is that whenever a certain pressure is applied on the ceramic tile made up of piezoelectric type at a certain frequency ac voltage is generated through the principle of electromagnetic induction. This ac electrical energy is converted into dc voltage and stored in the battery system so that it can be used later on. This type of system has gained importance in the recent past because of its low cost implementation and user friendly. In this particular research paper a detail literature review is also done on these types of system.

The advantages and disadvantages are also mentioned in detail in this particular research paper for the implementation of such types of system. The main advantage of installing such type of system is that the maintenance cost is not that much high but considerable amount of electrical energy can be generated through this type of system. The disadvantage of this type of system is that the initial cost of installing such type of systems is high and the payback time of the installation cost of these types of systems could take long time to pay back.

Another disadvantage that is encountered in these types of system is the changing of the battery system is an expensive maintenance part which needs to be catered during the designing and installation of these types of systems. Still a lot of research is going on how to improve the efficiency and overall system performance in terms of reliability and cost. Different new techniques are introduced to reduce the overall cost of these types of system (Mishra 2015). Instead of using piezoelectric type of ceramic tiles which increases the overall cost of the system in these types of electrical new techniques are introduced which reduces the overall cost of the system.

The new proposed technology which we will be using and implementing in our system uses a flashlight instead of using a piezoelectric type of ceramic tiles. If we use a flashlight instead of using a piezoelectric type of sensor it gives a huge saving in terms of capital. Saving in the initial cost of the project reduces the overall cost budgeting of the project. That also reduces the cost of the electricity which we will be generating through this type of system. The flashlight works on the principle of electromagnetic induction.

Whenever the force is applied on the tile at a particular frequency to and fro motion of the spring which is attached with the tile of the generating system and with the flash light produces electricity by electromagnetic induction. This flash light which we will be using inside the tile system is attached to a mechanical part which produces the to and fro motion whenever a force or pressure of a particular frequency is applied on the tile system. The scope of this report is to focus on the electrical part of this type of generation system. The basic background knowledge which is required in this particular project is the fundamental principle of how electricity is generated, how it can be stored and on which principle the generation of electricity is based. The basic knowledge of rectification and battery storage system is also required.

As we all know that the principle on which generation of electricity is dependent is the Faradays laws of electromagnetic induction. Another knowledge which will be required in this is the use of renewable sources for the purpose of electricity generation Propose solution As mentioned earlier the use of piezoelectric sensor type of ceramic tiles increases the overall cost of the system of the generation of electricity through tiles. Therefore we have proposed a cheaper solution as compared to a piezoelectric type of sensor.

Our proposed solution consists of a renewable energy flashlight which we will be using below the tile system of the electricity generation system. The reason of proposing renewable energy flashlight instead of any piezoelectric type of sensor is that the cost of using flashlight is less than the piezoelectric type of sensor which gives a huge saving in the overall cost of the installation of the system. Multiple renewable flashlights will be used below the tile which will generate the electricity. Now we will discuss the working principle of a renewable energy flashlight.

The barrel which is located in housing has wire. This wire in the renewable energy flashlight is wrapped around the barrel. This coil is located between the housing and barrel of the renewable energy flashlight. Whenever the Barrel inside the housing is shaken a magnet which is disposed inside the housing of the barrel oscillates. Whenever this shaking of barrel is caused due to outside force an alternating current is produced in the coil according to the law of electromagnetic induction. The barrel which is enclosed in the housing has got two springs. These two springs are present at both ends of the barrel. These two magnets at either ends of the barrel cause the magnet to recoil when spring is strike against the magnet.

The working principle of flashlight is based on the electromagnetic law of induction which says that whenever a conductor cuts or being cut by a magnetic field an EMF is induced in it. The same working methodology works in electricity generation through tiling system using the flash light. Whenever a person walks on the tile a pressure or force is applied on the tile system. This flash light is installed below the tile; the force inserted on the tile produces to and fro motion which causes the conductor in the flashlight to move to and fro in a magnetic field which produces electricity.

The electricity generated is stored in the battery system which could be used for later purpose. The flashlight which we will be using is attached to a mechanical part but our focus in this report will be the electrical part and the working principle of the flashlight. This is the complete methodology which will be used in this project. Software/Hardware Experiment As discussed in the proposed solution part that we will be using a renewable energy flash light for the purpose of electricity generation through tiles.

This renewable energy flashlight works on the principle of electromagnetic induction. We will implement this system on multiple tiles for the purpose of electricity generation. We have to implement such system at such a place where there is frequent visit of the travelers so that maximum electricity can be produced with this type of system. The selection of the place where this system of electricity generation through tile should be installed is of critical importance. The reason is that the place where this system should be implemented should be such that maximum number of people should pass through this particular place where this system of electricity generation through tile system is installed.

Conclusion

The objective of designing of electricity generation through floor tiling system was successfully achieved and tested. We proposed a cheaper solution for the electricity generation. Instead of using a piezoelectric type of sensor for the purpose of electricity generation we used a renewable energy flash light which reduced the overall cost of the electricity generation system. These types of flash lights were installed in multiple tiles and the site location was selected with a complete survey.

The site where these flash lights should be installed should be such that maximum number of people should pass through that place so that maximum amount of electricity should be generated through that. The future recommendation of this project includes further reduction in the cost of this project and improving the reliability of this project further.

References

  1. Adnan Mohamed Elhalwagy “Feasibility Study for Using Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting Floor in Buildings’ Interior Spaces” International Conference – Alternative and Renewable Energy Quest, AREQ 2017, 1-3 February 2017, Spain Wang, Zhao, et al. "Piezoelectric nanowires in energy harvesting applications."Advances in Materials Science and Engineering 2015 (2015).
  2. Z. Zhou, H. Tang, and H. A. Sodano, “Scalable synthesis of morphotropic phase boundary lead zirconium titanate nanowires for energy harvesting,” Advanced Materials, vol. 26, pp. 7547–7554, 2014
  3. Mishra, Ritendra, et al. "Vibration Energy Harvesting Using Drum Harvesters."International Journal of Applied Engineering Research 10.14 (2015): 34995-35001.