In the period of solidification, the author mainly tells that in the period of world war ii, human beings hardly had any awareness of environmental protection, and it was only under the promotion of some scholars that environmental protection began to gradually come into the sight of human beings. In martinez alier's article, in modern society, human beings have been avenged by the environment because of their unrestrained demand for environmental resources, so they began to pay attention to environmental protection.
He also pointed out that due to the lack of attention to reality, contemporary environmental ethics in society has fallen into a kind of development dilemma and human beings are powerless to deal with some practical problems in the practice of environmental protection. The unequal use of rights and obligations in the environment has led to human conflicts, so a "movement for environmental justice" has been launched.
For example, by using communities of color and low-income communities as landfills for toxic waste, the U.
S. government is essentially building on the sacrifice of people of color in the name of protecting the environment. Later, people started a movement of protest to get equal rights. In general, environmental justice generally means that all people, regardless of nationality, race, etc., should have equal freedom to enjoy order and sustainable environment. Its main purpose is to protect people's equal environmental rights, reduce the unequal relationship between people, and maintain people's value and dignity. Different from other types of environmentalism, environmental justice aims at equality and USES the principle of justice to coordinate the relationship between man and nature.
It pays more attention to the reasonable needs and feelings of human beings. In addition, it is required to establish the principle of environmental justice for sustainable development, realize the justice of human beings in environmental interests, and expect that everyone can enjoy equal environmental resources. Some forms of environmentalism may have class and political overtones.
According to the author's point of view and purpose: environmental justice and economic recession are important to consider together. To protect the environment, we need to save energy, which means that the society can't continue to use as many resources as it wants. Human beings must develop in a planned way, which will affect the economy but protect the environment. We know that before the industrial revolution, the human economy was simple. Because there is no technology, some small factories produce a lot of pollution in the process. However, due to its small scale, the environmental pollution caused is also limited. After the industrial revolution, there was mass production, and the economic production frequency increased day by day. There is also more carbon dioxide in the air. And the rapid economic development due to the arrival of the industrial revolution, the progress of The Times and the stable environment provide a stable living environment for human beings. When the population starts to grow in Numbers, their demand for energy and materials increases, and the environment is affected. Given the rise in GDP and rampant human growth, it could lead to a recession. Because human demand is greater than the stock of environmental energy, the lack of resources and products will decrease, so the economy will eventually decline. Economic downturns inevitably increase environmental stress, but economic growth can also lead to conflicts with environmental justice.
"GDP growth goes together with increasing pressure on biodiversity,climate change, And the undermining of human livelihoods at the commodity frontiers. Excessive consumption by rich and middle – class people is not only amenace for other species and for future broke humans." Martinez Alier 62) economic growth is not simply the improvement of human living standards or the strength of a country. But often accompanied by the disappearance of many biological species in the environment, economy and environment coexist. Economic development also means the sacrifice of the environment, some rich class money is accumulated may sacrifice the living environment of several generations. Although the movement for environmental justice may conflict with the society's waste of resources and uncontrolled development, it means that people's awareness of environmental protection is gradually increasing.