Water pollution has become one of the most serious issues that India has been going through since a very long time. It is said that if proper precautions and measures will not be taken by the authorities and the public, the future generations will be in serious troubles. People need to understand that water is the basic necessity for survival of all the creatures in this world . Life will become impossible to live on this planet without water.
Even after knowing the fact that water is the most presious resource , it’s misused by people.
Knowing the fact that it’s scarcity will lead human survival into danger, people should start taking measures in order to protect it to make there survival easy.Today, with around 7 billion people on the planet, it has become apparent that there are limits. Pollution is one of the signs that humans have exceeded those limits.How serious is the problem? According to the environmental campaign organization WWF: "Pollution from toxic chemicals threatens life on this planet.
Every ocean and every continent, from the tropics to the once- pristine polar regions, is contaminated.
SOLUTIONS TO PREVENT WATER POLLUTION
There is an urgent need to bring up effective solutions to prevent water pollution. There is no easy way to solve water pollution; if there were, it wouldn't be so much of a problem. Broadly speaking, there are three different things that can help to tackle the problem— education, laws, and economics—and they work together as a team.
If we start educating the people and give them knowledge about the hazards of polluted water , there can be chances of reduction of water pollution , people should know that the human activities should be stopped and no one should discharge there waste into the water body. People should know that because of there activities they will hurt themselves only because water animals will be affected and when it will be consumed by the humans , the chances of getting serious diseases like cancer will increase.
One of the biggest problems with water pollution is its transboundary nature. Many rivers cross countries, while seas span whole continents. Pollution discharged by factories in one country with poor environmental standards can cause problems in neighboring nations, even when they have tougher laws and higher standards. Environmental laws can make it tougher for people to pollute, but to be really effective they have to operate across national and international borders.
Most environmental experts agree that the best way to tackle pollution is through something called the polluter pays principle. This means that whoever causes pollution should have to pay to clean it up, one way or another. Polluter pays can operate in all kinds of ways. It could mean that tanker owners should have to take out insurance that covers the cost of oil spill cleanups, for example. It could also mean that shoppers should have to pay for their plastic grocery bags, as is now common in Ireland, to encourage recycling and minimize waste.