Every human being has the freedom to do what they want but most of people forget the responsibilities that everyone should do. But because of the too much freedom and opportunities that we have in embracing the change brought by innovation and modern technology which most of the things we have to do become easier. We didn’t realize that it turn out to be the same as how the planet earth rapidly changing and affects its condition. At the beginning of the year 2020, we have seen and experience the different challenges that our the Planet Earth suffers the wildfires in different countries, the massive floods, volcanic eruptions, unprecedented magnitude that destruct the land the heat waves that results melting huge portion the of many snow mountains and islands also the other natural disasters happened and we still struggling with.
Samuel L. Jackson as Valentine in the year 2014 movie titled Kingsman: The Secret Service said, “When you get a virus, you get a fever, that’s the human body raising its core temperature to kill the virus; planet earth works the same way, global warming is the fever. Mankind is the virus we’re making the planet earth sick. A cull is our only hope if we don’t reduce our population ourselves; there’s only one of the two ways this can go. The host kills the virus or the virus kills the host either way”. Most of the people dreaming to create and live in a better world but they didn’t mind the negative actions that will affect massively to the planet what we live in. This topic has to be the number one priority to focus on and take a quick solution because it is not only an environmental problem; it is a global economic problem which affects every aspect of everything. There are many factors that triggered the condition of the planet earth to become worse. The purpose of this commentary paper is to present the main cause that affects the environment and to deeply understand its effects also elaborate that human beings are responsible for it.
Evidence of Changing Condition of the Planet Earth
According to NASA Global Climate Change (2020), the Earth\'s average temperature has increased about 2 degrees Fahrenheit during the 20th century. Two degrees may sound like a small amount, but it\'s an unusual event in our planet\'s recent history. Just in the last 650,000 years there have been seven cycles of glacial advance and retreat, with the abrupt end of the last ice age about 11,700 years ago marking the beginning of the modern climate era — and of human civilization. Most of these climate changes are attributed to very small variations in Earth’s orbit that change the amount of solar energy our planet receives Earth\'s climate record, preserved in tree rings, ice cores, and coral reefs, shows that the global average temperature is stable over long periods of time. Furthermore, small changes in temperature correspond to enormous changes in the environment. In the position statement published about climate change by The Geological Society of America (2015) stated that decades of scientific research have shown that climate can change from both natural and anthropogenic causes. They concurs with assessments by the National Academies of Science, the National Research Council, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, and the U.S.
Global Change Research Program that global climate has warmed in response to increasing concentrations of carbon dioxide (CO2) and other greenhouse gases. Human activities (mainly greenhouse-gas emissions) are the dominant cause of the rapid warming since the middle 1900s. The tangible effects of climate change are already occurring. Addressing the challenges posed by climate change will require a combination of adaptation to the changes that are likely to occur and global reductions of CO2 emissions from anthropogenic sources. About the tangible effects of climate change example as Khandekar, O. (2019) stated Everest is melting, revealing tons of garbage and human bodies. The world’s highest garbage dump is throwing up trash and corpses that lay buried for decades as commercial mountaineering meets climate change. What that means is that dead bodies, some who’ve been lost for years, have started emerging from the ice. And along with the bodies, tons of garbage—cans, bottles, discarded climbing gear and human waste—are defrosting along the route used by mountaineers over decades. Over 5,000 kilograms of that is human waste at the base camp. February 25, 2020, SBS NEWS published the new satellite photos from NASA\'s Earth Observatory show ice on the cap of Eagle Island has almost disappeared after less than 10 days of extreme heat. As Antarctica became the latest place on Earth to smash its high-temperature record, it\'s now been revealed nearly a quarter of one island\'s snow cover melted at that time. This February\'s heat wave was the third major melt event of the 2019-2020 summer.
Civilizations were considered an inevitable end product of social or political evolution. Today, it is acknowledged that multi-causal explanations are likely to better explain the development of civilizations: we know that many of the social forces that in the past were believed to inevitably lead to the development of cities and states such as long distance trade, irrigation systems, or population increase do not always lead to that result. The diversity of human experience seems too complex and vast for our concepts to fit reality perfectly. It might be wiser, and perhaps closer to the truth, to realize that each human society is shaped by its own unique set of circumstances, and that universal explanations or general concepts do not always make perfect sense. Only if we keep the limitations in mind, the concept of civilization gains strength and becomes a useful conceptual tool. (Violatti, C., 2014).
On the other hand, the impacts of human civilization as National Geographic Society stated the humans impact the physical environment in many ways: overpopulation, pollution, burning fossil fuels, and deforestation. Changes like these have triggered climate change, soil erosion, poor air quality, and undrinkable water. These negative impacts can affect human behavior and can prompt mass migrations or battles over clean water. But the they supports research, exploration, and conservation in every part of the globe every year. They focus their attention on key projects that emphasize science, technology, and storytelling to help protect species-at-risk, better understand human history and culture, and conserve some of our planet’s last wild places.
According to Fleming (2019) the natural cycle of climate change is an ongoing and unavoidable part of life. But history seems to be telling us that when past civilizations have overstretched themselves or pushed their consumption of natural resources to the brink, the effects of climate change soon become amplified. With dire consequences for those caught up in it.
Kent State University (2018) published article in their website titled “How Do Humans Affect the Environment?” and stated human activity has been affecting the environment for thousands of years, from the time of our very earliest ancestors. Since Homo sapiens first walked the earth, human beings have been modifying the environment around them through agriculture, travel and eventually through urbanization and commercial networks. At this point in earth’s physical history, our impact on the environment is so substantial that scientists believe “pristine nature,” or ecosystems untouched by human intervention, no longer exist. In ways both positive and negative—and likely in more ways than you’d even think—human civilization and technology have affected our earth, altering our planet forever.