The ocean is essential for human life and is the lifeblood for earth. Three fourths of the plant is made up oceans. In addition, about seventy five percent of the oxygen is produced from our oceans. In many ways we use the ocean in day to day tasks. We use it drink water, we use it to breathe, we even use things that are made up of water, like for example pools, or even a water hose. Deep ocean waters are home to marine life and is home to one of the biggest creatures on the planet.
The ocean provide jobs, entertainment, and most importantly the ocean provides food. That’s why ocean pollution is such a big problem.
We need the oceans to survive. Everything that drinks water could go extinct without the oceans. Since the ocean is so vast and big, people think they can dump whatever they want into the ocean with no effects,but there wrong. Ocean pollution has become a problem now.
According Kimberly Amaral ”14 billion pounds of garbage was being dumped into the ocean every year. That’s more than 1.5 million pounds per hour”. There are literally small island sized garbe clusters floating in our oceans.
Marine life is affected a lot by pollution in the oceans. According to the Marin Academy’s Oceanography website, “there are over 46,000 pieces of plastic floating in each square mile of ocean off the Northeast coast of the United States, which contributes to the death of 100,000 marine mammals and two millions sea birds yearly”.
In some areas marine life can’t reproduce because of the amount of pollution. If some marine life can’t reproduce it could throw the food web unbalanced. Many fish survive from eating a certain fish and if they aren’t reproducing then they could die off due to starvation.
Ocean pollution doesn’t only affect marine life but also rain, that’s right rain. Rain comes from the ocean, when the it heats up from the sun and evaporates into the clouds. It then rains on lands. We drink this rain since we can’t drink ocean water do to it being too salty. Millions of pounds of trash is dissolved in the ocean. When we drink the rain that came from the dissolved water we could become sick from that. In addition we could have acid rain, which is rain that burns and eats away things. This is caused by extra carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. According to Ocean Portal Team, “When carbon dioxide dissolves in seawater, the water becomes more acidic and the ocean’s pH (a measure of how acidic or basic the ocean is) drops. Even though the ocean is immense, enough carbon dioxide can have a major impact. In the past 200 years alone, ocean water has become 30 percent more acidic—faster than any known change in ocean chemistry in the last 50 million years”.
Unlike most guagbe in the ocean plastic is probably the most harmful for the ocean.according to Brain Hutchinson, “ between 4 and 12 million metric tons of plastic enter the ocean each year—enough to cover every foot of coastline on the planet! And that amount is expected to more than double in the next 10 years. Let that sink in for a moment”. If we really want to help the oceans from pollution, we need to stop using so much plastic. Instead of opening and drink 3 waters, you could instead use one and then refill it. Recycling also helps as well.
Thousands of pounds of trash is washed back up on oceans, because of this animals that live on the beach can’t live there anymore do to the excessive amount of trash washed up from the ocean. It would really help if people volienterd and helped clean beaches with trash. This helps the animals that live on the beach and also the environment around it. Also donating to causes that go against pollution helps too. We could also make certain things banded, like for example the amount of plastic a person uses. Sitting there and doing nothing will not help our oceans.
Oil spills is what kills marine life the most. According Andrea Thompson, “1.3 million gallons (4.9 million liters) of petroleum are spilled into U.S. waters from vessels and pipelines in a typical year”. This oil posians marine life. Also birds that use the ocean to clean themselves get affected, because they can’t clean themselves anymore. We can fix this because there are machines now that clean and soak up oil spills in the ocean. It doesn’t get everything but it gets some which is better than nothing.
Yes dumping trash into the ocean is bad, but where else are we supposed to put the billions of pounds of trash. We cant put it on our lands. Just image how ugly places would look if instead we dumped the trash on lands. Everywhere it would smell. We can’t burn it either because that would be bad for the atmosphere and to people that breathe the air. we have to do what we have to do. Yes some fish will die, but there’s a lot of fish anyways, we can spare some. According to Ana Catarino “There is considerable evidence to suggest that plastic particles are readily released from the gut of organisms without negative effects – and note that researchers have tended to test for concentrations in considerably higher amounts than are found in the environment”. This means that we don’t know for shore is trash really hurts marine life.
There’s actually more life in the ocean then the on land. About fifty to eighty percent of life is in the oceans. So you can why it’s so bad to pollute the ocean. The ocean is the only way we can survive. Im shore instead of dumping our trash into the ocean, we can find a way to put somewhere else, or a way to dispose of it. Dumping trash into the oceans will only bring negative effects on us. It might not affect us right now but on this pace we could have a big problem in the future.