The movement of drilling oil and gas acts unfavorably by affecting the environmental and financial condition. Moreover, affecting challenges has been looked by most of the countries as the demand of crude oil has expanded to 90 million in every day. In like manner, from the exploration it has been discovered that the expanded interest is with the overwhelming. Hence, as it is identified with oil and gas industry so hazard stays as the main concern. It is apparent that it additionally causes environmental risk by polluting air and water with harmful gases.
It contaminates the water by influencing marine ecosystem as oil spills is main disasters. Along these lines, the risk completed by oil and gas industry is high, for which the strategies of safety policies are undertaken to reduce negative effect.
The case happened in Exxon Valdez was dangerous, as it has killed a huge number of marine living spaces because of quick spillage. It has caused death to birds where in excess of 200 species were lost.
It has also closed the finishing season where the annual sales came up to 100 million dollars. It has been noticed that Exxon was not prepared with the situation of chemical dispersants. With the delay in disaster management, it has affected the ocean and coastline regions with the oil spill for more than 2600 miles.
The consequences caused because of the BP oil spill are huge. The accident took for three months and the oil spilling has spread over the Gulf for which it has transformed the shorelines into black.
The human habitats in Gulf of Mexico were likewise influenced from this circumstance. In addition, it has affected in excess of 640 miles the whole way across the coastline when the substantial outcomes of spillage were fixed. The environment was containing a huge measure of oil underneath the water level. As indicated by the researchers the BP oil spills has caused massive wildlife loss in the Gulf of Mexico that was a risk to coral reefs just as another marine ecosystem.
Furthermore, the fracking process is connected which is another risky action used to rise the natural gas to the surface of sea, where the chemicals substances are embedded into shale rock. The fracking process releases toxic chemical like methane that is highly hazardous. The process of gas drilling has extended by 45% when the hydraulic fracking techniques were adopted. The seismic movements have been discovered while fracking process happens by discharging unsafe substances, for example, hydrochloric acid, benzene and other harmful elements. In view of the above discoveries, by receiving appropriate and powerful environmental process can wipe out hazard particularly for the networks that is available close fracking can be saved.
To let down the risk of water contaminating, fixing of well shafts should be possible by coming about an effective solution. The risk found in fracking industry is high because many studies has found that hydraulic fracturing mud is harmful for those people who are involved in this practice as it releases toxics and radioactive. In this way, the government of each nation where fracking industries are present should take initiative by passing new laws for creating a favorable environment by checking the strategies of risk management that are connected by these organizations.