I believe that the key to using public property to solve public problems lies in the strong supervision of government departments and relevant responsible departments and the awareness of local residents.Government departments or regulatory departments should formulate corresponding policies, and these departments should ensure that these policies are well implemented.One of the most critical part is that after the implementation of these policies are, no matter for or against by the local residents, residents of each policy related to enforce these policies, let residents realize that they are not a single individual, but a community of interests, the interests of the competition between the individual is likely to exacerbate they face common problems, if such consumption down to each other, they face common problems will only become more and more serious.
What's worse, with the severity of the common problem, the competition among individuals will become more fierce and even turn into malicious competition, which is a negative cycle, and so on, the final result is that both the collective interests and individual interests are seriously threatened.
It is well known that change of perception is a difficult and lengthy process, and generally this perception gains momentum when public and personal property are threatened.From the bud of concept to the final action of concept to behavior, which is inseparable from the supervision of government departments and the joint efforts of each individual.Unfortunately, most of the situations are not so good, but more like Hardin's works, people only focus on personal interests, the final result is tragic, the public problems are not only not solved, but become more and more intense.
Another key point is that people should realize that the public interest is the cornerstone of personal interests. If people blindly pursue personal interests while ignoring the public interest, or even harm the public interest for personal interests, the result must be tragic.Under Hardin's pen, some people discharge a large amount of pollutants for their personal interests. Although in a short time, their personal interests will be satisfied, the environment is seriously polluted.In it, the American frontier directed its pollution directly into rivers, believing that the water would be cleaned up every ten miles. Worse, this was not a lazy whim, but an idea that had survived its parents.People did not have the concept of public property at that time. The father of the characters in the article may have been a pioneer from the west. When the pioneer found a fertile land, they thought about how to occupy and use the land instead of thinking about protecting the land.This was a common phenomenon at the time, but as Wade points out,The conflict was magnified by rapid population growth and the relationship between humans and the environment became his tense. The development of science and technology makes it easier for People to take resources from nature, but science and technology does not enable People to better protect nature.The inertia of the human thinking has greatly limited the transformation of the human thinking, the protection of the environment, or the protection of public property,Is extremely lacking in human thinking,what we are thinking about now is still the use and plunder. It takes a lot of time, even several broke,Maine\'s lobster industry is a case in point.
More than a century ago, the lobster industry was a major industry in Maine, with more than 6,000 people engaged in lobster fishing.There are many reasons for this, but the most important one is that overfishing has led to a sharp decline in the number of lobsters, especially females.The lack of females has slowed the natural growth rate of lobsters, causing a sharp decline in production.More than a century ago, Maine\'s fishermen had no philosophy of rational fishing, or even local policies to protect lobster populations.In Maine, people were treating lobsters the way we treat natural resources today, and they were doing everything they could to catch them, even breaking the law, and there was even organized crime related to lobster fishing.They're probably thinking, the lobsters in the ocean, if they're not caught by me, they're caught by somebody else, so I'm going to catch the most lobsters.They don't have public property or sustainability.When the government of Maine and the department of fisheries enacted policies to limit fishing, the effect was not obvious, and there was still a lot of illegal fishing.But with increased publicity and enforcement, their efforts are starting to pay off. Maine's annual lobster production is steadily increasing. After the 21st century, Maine's lobster population reached another peak.Every Maine on the coast knows how to protect female lobsters. Fishermen mark the tails of the female lobsters they catch and then return them to the sea, where they will get more lobsters in the future.
Today, after nearly a century of efforts by mainers to preserve lobster as a public property, the fishermen are earning more and more.The story of Maine and the lobster offers new insights into how we can protect public property, but the reality is that other parts of the world are facing a much tougher situation, and some developing countries, such as the Indian Ocean, are facing much more difficult challenges and complex situations.More importantly, not all parts of the world have the time, patience and money to protect nature.In fact, the vast majority of the world is still using the exploitation of public property for personal gain.As I mentioned above, natural resources or public property, for most people, are resources that can be used and possessed.When people focus all their energy on how to use and occupy resources more efficiently, it makes no sense for them to protect them, just as it did for Maine's lobster-fishing population a hundred years ago.Similarly, the excessive destruction of natural resources has hurt people's personal interests, air pollution and water pollution have become increasingly serious, and excessive emissions of carbon dioxide have raised global temperatures.Global rainfall is falling, the hole in the ozone layer over Antarctica is getting bigger, large-scale fires are becoming more frequent, and even fires in Australia are still burning. What the government is doing more than anything else is praying.I think there is a certain need for these warnings from nature to remind people that overexploitation of nature can be punished, and perhaps natural disasters can reinforce people's awareness of nature conservation, just as there were fewer and fewer lobsters a hundred years ago.
It took Maine nearly a century to bring the lobster industry back to its glory.But for us human beings, I'm afraid one hundred years is not enough. The break of old ideas and the formation of new concepts need the efforts of several generations. Government departments and regulatory departments are also facing huge challenges.The most important thing is for each of us to work hard, to try to solve our common problems, to preserve our most important common property.