In my research paper, I will be talking about tsunamis, sewer systems, and the effects that tsunamis have on cities and sewer systems, and how there is a possibility to fix that problem.
Tsunamis have been an issue for a while, they have destroyed cities, some countries, and have taken millions of lives not only by the tsunami itself but by the destruction it has brought. Like destroying water treatment facilities would completely decimate the population and wildlife in the area of destruction.
As part of our living, we have sewer systems. Sewer systems have a huge part in our lives if we were to not have sewer systems we would all be dying for all sorts of diseases and infections. What sewer systems do is that they take all of our waste from our houses and building and transfer it to either a water treatment facility or dispose of it entirely. Our sewer systems are very complex, they intertwine with each other all over the country kind of like mangrove forests.
Now the reason I brought up mangrove forests is that they are one of the most structurally stable things in nature. Entire forests have survived major floods and tsunamis and part of the reason is their root system.
Their root system emerges under the water and they connect and that helps them thrive and grow stronger. They trap sediment that’s along the ocean floor and they collect sediment and have been known to even create entire islands
Tsunamis are created when oceanic plates shift, and as the shift occurs it creates a wave which can be up to a hundred feet in height and cause the sea to rise ten feet.
Tsunamis are one of the most destructive natural disasters, they have leveled cities and killed millions and millions of people.
Tsunamis have always had a bigger effect on climates and land areas over in the Indian Ocean, because of their monsoon season, now the monsoon season is when the areas over in the Indian Ocean get a ton of rain, and so by the rain and everything that can even further the damage that a tsunami can bring.
In 2004 there was a tsunami in Indonesia, it had started with a 9.1 earthquake which is massive according to the Richter scale, and that earthquake caused a tsunami that was one-hundred feet tall and engulfed a coastal city of three-hundred and twenty-thousand, and instantly killed over one-hundred thousand men, women, and children, it folded building like they were pieces of paper, it threw cars and ships around like a child’s toy.
It completely destroyed the sewer and clean water systems, and when the water and sewer systems got destroyed it infected everyone. There was no clean water to drink so people were dying from thirst and unclean water, and that’s just one tsunami disaster out of countless others.
So tsunamis can be the most lethal natural disaster, and there is not a whole lot of ways to prevent tsunamis, but they do have ways to warn people of tsunamis so that takes down the casualty count and saves thousands of lives.
Sewer systems are large pipelines that are connected to the housing and commercial buildings to transfer waste to a treatment center or for complete disposal. Without sewer systems society would not be as clean and as organized as it right now. If society were not to have sewer systems we would not have clean water, we would be suffering from diseases and a whole list of other things.
Now sewer systems are gravity based, all the pipes in the house head toward the middle of a street and then goes down to the main sewer system. Then the water heads to a water treatment facility, and that’s where we get our clean drinking water from. But the sewer systems are prone to leaks, and those leaks go into our waterways.
Waterways can be like a canal, which are by our farming areas. When the sewage gets into the waterways and then our farming it starts to affect the food that we as a society consume. While it isn’t a huge problem now, the longer we wait to fix the solution the bigger the problem it will be until it would be too late. And they are looking for ways to fix it but not as a priority.
Sewer systems are not that strong to hold their own against certain natural disasters such as earthquakes, tornados, and tsunamis. Natural disasters such as that can uproot a pipeline system and sewage system like it is absolutely nothing, and that is a terrible thing because there really isn’t a foolproof way to make sewer systems natural disaster proof, but there are certain steps we could take. One of those is making our sewer systems like a mangrove forest because every time there is a tsunami that hits a mangrove forest, it stays intact like it wasn’t even hit with a tsunami.
The only downside in trying to make our systems like a mangrove forest is the cost, I don’t know how much it would cost but I do know it would be a lot to try and replace and rebuild sewer systems like a mangrove forest.