The following sample essay on “Sustainability concerning Water and Atmosphere”: sustainability has been one of the main spoken and the most emphasized topics among the global political elites as it ensures the sustenance of the future generations be it clean air, freshwater, or food sustainability.
The steps taken towards sustenance now will be for the greater good of the future of mankind. Sustenance in itself is the ability of a producing factor to be able to be used and re-used.
Water management has been handled in Israel efficiently and constructively which can be followed by world countries for a water sustainable future.
The environmentalists consider this to be a marvel of our times. Atmospheric pollution has been one of the main concerns of this era where industrialization has taken a fast phase where the economies race against each other it is necessary to gear up new policies and award the companies that follow those regulations.
India has taken a fall and has failed to create awareness in the sustainment development field.
There is a need to sustain the resources that we have left. To do so the government has to revise its present policies and regulations and make them neutral better policies that will have long-lasting effects. This paper deals with the current trends, necessary developments, government regulations, and the affirmative actions necessary to fix the previously done environmental damages.
Mankind has started to suffer for their previous mistakes as we stand at this rendezvous point of the future and the past we have an opportunity to make amends for the mistakes of our predecessors and help the future generations and put them on the path to a sustained future.
The water and the atmospheres are the first hit and most affected and the most valuable resource for the life on earth as they are the most needed elements for the life on earth. Water and atmosphere need to be conserved and sustained for the sustenance of the living organisms. While they are necessary, the industries pollute them the most, and combating this trespassing is important inculcating a sense of sustainability in the corporate class, and improving the regulations for these companies might look expensive at the point but will help the future to be sustainable. Working towards these goals will sustain the resources thereby sustaining ourselves.
Water sustainability came to light in the 20th century when the world population tripled itself and water consumption increased many folds which alarmed the nations to make and execute certain policies which proved fruitful in the recent years which is shown in the following table. United Nations World Development Report states that industries consume more than 20% of the total water used which is why their contribution towards sustainable development is a major part of the installation of wastewater recycling must be a norm to start manufacturing. The period of 1981-90 saw an increase in interests of countries toward sustainable development which paved way for the affordable drinking water for 80% of the world population and gave clean sanitation for 50% of the world population (United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, 2018). But not much has been done after that period in the developing countries.
With the intercepted data from the United Nations, World Development Report agriculture-related water withdrawals account for about 50% of the water consumption which is why implementing new methods of water transmission in farming hold the key to half the water management.
According to the UN, one in five of the world’s total population doesn’t have access to clean safe drinking water. A fragmented approach to rainwater collection and groundwater management is an obstacle for both, as one is dependent on the other. Setting up a single organization to deal with both will make a bigger change as a systematic approach is a better way to organize towards the sustainable development goal.
According to the International Fund For Agriculture Development (IFAD), the withdrawal of water in the developing countries is predicted to increase by more than 45%, and the withdrawal o water in the developed countries is predicted to increase by 17% with the water sources drying up water conservation becomes the lifeline of the countries and contributing towards the sustainable development will provide for the population in the decades to come.
As the information from the Global International Geosphere, Biosphere program world water needs to be quadrupled in the recent years it is a necessity to make plans and execute as the water needs will just grow along with the population growth. In recent years it is observed that the sanitary needs of 50% of the world have not yet been fulfilled.
EPA United States says that the need to conserve groundwater is great as 30% of the freshwater source is groundwater. With the developing lack of water accessibility, it is estimated over 780 million people lack access to improved water sources to the WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Program. With the growing need for water, it is expected that two-thirds of the world’s population will face water scarcity by 2025 according to the United Nations Organisation.
The state of the developing countries is serious and it requires the attention of the international community as it is recorded that an estimated 200 children die every hour die because of unsafe water conditions and UN health data shows that 80% of the sickness accounts for unclean water in the continent of Africa alone. 85% of the people live in the driest parts with little to no access to safe and clean water sources.
It is expected that conflicts between nations will arise shortly which will attribute to the water needs and the rights over river waters. It is wise to make preparations for such circumstances and invest in sustainable water developments.
The world’s leaders in water sustainability have a complicated water management system. The country’s population quadrupled since its creation in 1948, much of the conventional water systems available at present for Israel were not available before 2009. Israel suffered a long-term drought from 1998-to 2002 which alarmed the government to take initiatives toward seawater desalination which reportedly supplies 35% of drinking water to Israel and is expected to supply more than 60% of drinking water to Israeli cities by 2050 ( Mekorot, 2017).
A decade before the formation of the state of Israel the Mekorot was created which wanted to unite the rivers which were available within the borders of Israel. The many disputes that Israel had with its neighbors were an obstacle to realizing that, so in 2009 after the drought, Israel started water recycling which now accounts for about 90% of the wastewater being reused making it the top country in terms of wastewater recycled followed by Spain which recycles 20% of its wastewater. (United Nations Sustainable Development Report, 2016)
Wastewater treated is mainly being used for agriculture with 10% for environmental purposes and with 5% being discharged into the sea. Israel now has a national water surplus which it supplies to its neighbors. With the nation’s construction of its 6th desalination plant following Tel-Aviv and Jerusalem, the scope of water sustainability is high and Israel has the potential to lead the nations toward a water sustainable world. (Mekorot, 2017).
The atmosphere contains air without which living organisms cannot survive. It contains greenhouse gases that keep the planet warmer, sustaining life on earth by maintaining an average global temperature above freezing point. We must address the problem of air pollution and it is important to sustain it to prevent the extinction of mankind. Not working towards the sustainability of air will affect the people on a local to global scale.
The problems of air pollution and the effects related to it are not a new phenomenon the first occurrence of air pollution and its related hazards were recorded in the early 13th century when coal was used as a daily fuel in London. During the 19th century for the first time, air pollution an alarming amount was recorded in all the major industrial cities which started to cause new medical problems for the people in those cities. The smoke discharged gave rise to a new problem called the smog in the winter as the temperature was warmer as the altitude increased during winter. Smog was a mixture of smoke which was due to coal burning and fog.
Acid rain is also a by-product of air pollution as oxides of sulfur and nitrogen react with water in the atmosphere to form sulphuric and nitric acid which ascends as snow and rain which led to the term acid rain. This acid rain leaches the soil making it less efficient and more acidic making it unfit for cropping and affecting vegetation directly. The pollution due to energy industries and road- transportation which is the most important concern reduces the already deteriorating air quality air pollution is the focus of sulfur dioxide (SO2), and nitrogen oxidization (NOx).
The indicator for air pollution is PM particulate matter of 2.5-microns. Which is capable to create long term lung problems like asthma and chronic lung disease WHO recommends PM levels to be about 10 micrograms per cubic meter for a safe living while China recently hit 500 micrograms with Saudi Arabia topping the list of most toxic atmosphere countries followed by Qatar while New Zealand is the least polluted with Brunei Darussalam taking the second place- data from International Energy Agency and WHO.
With India taking 9th place on the most polluted countries list it is important to act immediately before things get out of hand. With several good policies to improve the air quality government recently raise the standards of National Ambient air quality standards to meet WHO’s interim standards. National air quality policy air prevention and control of pollution seek to keep the factories under the curfew of regulation. The government has made efforts to improve its existing air quality monitoring system. To reduce the emissions the government has introduced tariff feeds in the recent years and seeks to improve it shortly. The government has implemented stricter vehicle transmission law that seeks to reduce pollution levels.
With the improvements being done to control the industrial-related pollutions India had dropped from its rank in the World sustainable quality index from 141st place in 2014 dropping 30 places to 177th place in 2018 just above China- Sustainable development Index. It is important to increase the funding of sustainable resources in India as well as the at the global level.
The world community with its globalization initiatives is important in that they consider the sustainable developments to be an integral and main idea of development and industrialization and must be changed to a more pollution-free approach towards meeting the energy needs thereby changing its pace towards development of renewable resources paving way for cleaner and safer conditions for the future generations and the present generation must create awareness towards a more sustainable future. Corporate social responsibility must be handled and planned responsibly thereby securing the future of the corporations and of mankind itself.