Since 1944 atomic Energy or nuclear energy techniques has been used for many different advancement internationally. Have you ever been in an argument for stressing and confusing to try and get to grips with this topic it all started in the 1940s to be a piece of the new technology in the world get everyone’s imagination was running wild. Would electricity became free? Could nuclear power to help settle the Antarctic? Would there be nuclear power car, planes or houses?
It seemed that this was just a few years of hard work away.
One thing was certain that the future was atomic. However using nuclear power is very complicated and expensive. Turning physics into engineering was easy on paper but extremely hard in real life and very risky too, as compared to coal gas and oil. Specially the disposal of toxic waste that comes from atomic energy is very explosive and need to be handled with conscious. Therefore there has been a major debate on if nuclear powers are best to use for agriculture purposes and other necessities of our need international.
Nuclear power is the prospect of enormous cheap electricity, The prospect of being independent of oil and gas import, and in some cases a secret desire to possess atomic weapons still provides a strong motivation for many countries. Indeed which has made some new international policies and treaties between countries to make sure that these energies are not used distraction of another country.
Nuclear power became really big deal in 1970s, when war in the Middle East just caused oil prices to skyrocket worldwide.
Now commercial interest and investment in atomic energy picked up its pace globally. More than half of nuclear reactors in the world were billed during 1970 and 1985. As said before it does have some down sides to it like in 1979 the 3 miles Island nuclear plant in Pennsylvania barely escaped catastrophe when it core melted. In 1986, The Chernobyl catastrophe directly threatened central Europe of the radioactive cloud and 2011 the draw-out Fukushima disaster sparked new discussions and concerns. However, Developing countries in Asia like China, and Korea had a huge increase in demand of energy which needed to be met. So this became one of the reasons for this country to use nuclear power options. Which helps other countries with rapid expanding economy inn east and south east Asia to use nuclear power as a source of electricity. In Korea till 1980 there was only 600 MWE reactor that were operating however today Korea has installed nuclear capacity 15 times higher. Additionally, and the first nuclear power reactor was commissioned a few year from now and today there are three reactors currently operating in China and to more has been sanctioned by it government to build to meet the electricity needs of the country. While in the 1980s 218 new nuclear power reactors went to live internationally, their number and nuclear global share of electricity production has stagnated since the end of the 80s.
So what is the situation today, nuclear energy meet around 10% of the worlds demand and energy and we are willingly moving to words using nuclear energy in Kuwait And other desert to grow plants, this way nuclear energy would be used for agriculture purpose in a country like Kuwait. Considering the climate of Kuwait is hostile environment for growing any crops. This country is scientists have come up with the exclusive technology which drives from nuclear technology to grow food mainly barley. This new way to use this energy is being developed by the support of IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), and soon this new technology will be use in farmers for production of crops in all kinds of hostile environments in coming year. “Modern plant breeding technologies ensuring sustainability and conservation of scarce natural resources are of paramount importance in achieving national food security and the enhancement of biodiversity,” said Habibah S. Al-Menaie, a senior research scientist in the Desert Agriculture and Ecosystems Program of the Kuwait Institute of Scientific Research (KISR). “Joining the FAO/IAEA coordinated research projects in the area of mutation breeding has led to the development of several barley mutant lines with improved yield and quality under Kuwait’s environmental conditions.” Many countries like Kuwait are desperate for this new experiment to be a full success because it the key objectives of the country’s agricultural program to enhance food security. As mentioned by one of the scientists, Al-Menaie that “Increased agricultural production in Kuwait is a major challenge due to several constraints such as drought, salinity, limited water sources, limited plant genetic resources, low percentage of arable land and unpredictable climatic events.”
The first step toward this change is to optimize the water and nutrient use efficiency helps ensure that the new improved varieties live up to their yield potential and provide agronomic, environmental and economic benefits. The second essential factor that is needed to create this environmental nuclear change is the appropriate soil. Then with the development of the new barley varieties, the growth and yield performance of introduced barley varieties and the lines from other countries were tested and evaluated in Kuwait’s environment condition. The best adaptable varieties were identified and the were subject to induced mutation using gamma rays. So this is how nuclear technology helped develop new barley. Now one of the biggest obstacles is explaining to the farmers how to use these techniques in a proper way because these Atomic energies can be very harmful. So the IAEA and the FAO conducted workshops to educate the farmers regarding these techniques and to take the fear of using nuclear power and Technology to grow crops.
This new technology of using atomic energy or agriculture purposes will not only be essential to Kuwait also to many other countries that have hostile environments and our suffering with a scarcity of food and water.