Finis santificat media, says Nicolo Machiavelli. In translation, the ends justify the means, is well known political theory. Italian totalitarian Machiavelli noted that in the political sphere all resources for the realization of political objectives are allowed, and in this way the policy, as an expression of life, is in contrast to the universal, ethical principles. According to Machiavelli policy, the state does not produce virtue, but rather its negation. But if all the resources are allowed for the realization of ultimate objectives, then the one fundamental question is: “Can barbarian means, methods that have not human character achieve the human goal?” The end justifies the means, whoever is not with us is against us, is an essential feature of the totalitarian system, in the west of Nazism, Stalinism in the East in the 20th century, but also it is a maxim in the case of actions of SSCS organization as a kind of ecoterrorist group in its efforts to protect the marine environment and animals often willfully violate the law and sometimes with violent means hampers hunters of whales, seals, walruses in their actions.
No matter how much it seemed human in the case of Captain Paul Watson and his troops to fight to preserve marine resources and endangered animal species, the goal does not justify the means, not only in ethical but also in moral terms.
There are numerous ways in which we can offer an alternative to violent and guerrilla actions bordering on violence that is not only contiguous but also promoted and used.
In the Middle Ages, the reason to hunt whales were large quantities of meat, plants that are used for fuel and jaw bones that were used to build houses. At the end of the Middle Ages, have sailed the whole fleet to hunt large whales, mostly smooth and Greenland whales.
During the 18th and 19 century were caught primarily baleen whales. Ears were at that time used to produce fashion products as garments and for holding wide skirts, “crinoline”, which at that time were in vogue. Most species of whales caught was seriously compromised. Some species of large whales were haunted until the late 20th century, which is the population of these species to the brink of annihilation. They are now decimated because their natural growth is very slow. In that time completely exterminated Atlantic gray whale, gray whale and Korean Biscay whale. Killing of whales for commercial purposes since 1985 worldwide forbidden to 2005, but they still catches with different explanations. Apart from rare exceptions, mostly whales endanger people. Natural enemies of whales are just a few species of large sharks and other whales such as orcas, they hunt small whales, and whale calves. Threatened by the people can be divided into two parts: one is a direct threat to hunt them, and the other is indirect and consists of fishing and pollution. In the southern hemisphere were formed settlements for hunters and processors whales.
The consequence of such an intense overfishing was a major decline in the catch after the 1930 year, because the blue whales were almost no longer existed. However, international protection provisions took effect in 1966. Before the period of a large whaling, in the seas were around 200,000 blue whales, of which almost 90% in the South Seas. Today, despite the protection that has been going on now for almost 40 years, the total population of that species has only a few thousand individuals left. The exact scope of the population is very difficult to determine. Because strength of the recovery of these whales had not been observed, some experts believe that the total population is too small to be able to grow ever again. Australians, for example went a step further. That military technology can be well used for better purposes have shown Australian researchers. They made public that they use military technology to track whales and sapphire that so much progress has been achieved in collecting data on these mammals. Blue whales (Balaenoptera musculus) communicate over long distances by emitting low-frequency sounds. Scientists from the Australian Antarctic Division to use the buoys with a microphone to gather sounds like a buoy used to detect submarines Although azure whales grow up to 30 meters it is very difficult to find and they are relatively little known. Using the new technology, scientists in early 2012 after 20 years of research in the field daily recorded 103 encounters with whales. Blue whale almost disappeared from the country in the early 1900’s due to whaling. There are over 80 species of whales, a group which includes dolphins and whales.
Despite the many protective measures, including a moratorium on whaling in 1986. year, many species within the order of whales are still endangered and some even on the verge of extinction. Most of the WWF’s global work to protect whales and dolphins takes place within the International Commission on whaling (International Whaling Commission – IWC). Here we address the current threat whaling along with other threats such as climate change and the unintended side-haul. Because commercial fishing, they livelihood is threatened and hampered their proliferation mainly due to exceeding the quota beyond legal limits permit hunting of these mammals. In addition to Paul Watson and his activists, Greenpeace tries administrative acts and less extreme actions protecting cubs birth. Unfortunately, there are little effective nor actively interested organizations that with effective actions can managed to influence the making of regulations to reduce hunting and poaching. Yet at the international level shall be made some moves to protect. The International Convention on the Regulation of Whaling, opened for signature by the 2nd December 1946. in Washington DC, United States. Until today, 88 countries have ratified the Convention of the Parties (including the 25 EU member states). The main objectives of the International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling, are: determination of specific areas to be protected as a refuge of endangered whale species, ensuring proper protection of all species of whales from over-fishing as the industry, appropriate regulation of whaling that allows the reconstruction of certain populations of endangered whales, and therefore thereby preventing the bringing of certain whale species to the brink of extinction , achieving a common interest in achieving an optimal level of abundance of certain whale populations as soon as possible, without creating economic and nutritional problems.
The implementation of the Convention concerned the International Whaling Commission (IWC), and the seat of the Secretariat of the Commission, Cambridge in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The main task of the International Whaling Commission is continuous monitoring and, if necessary, revision of certain Annexes to the Convention that regulates the conduct of whaling in the world. The most recent actions of Captain Paul Watson involve repeated trips to Japan. servation Society Sea Shepherd launched this week the 13th campaign against whaling by sailing flagship Steve Irwin in port in Williamstown, Australia, beginning with ‘Operation Zero Tolerance and starting up north to face the Japanese fleet. Sea Shepherd Conservation Society promises to Operation Zero Tolerance will be the best campaign so far with a powerful arsenal of ships, which includes a new secret craft. Antithesis of their actions is an extension of Greenpeace, which would include effective protection of whales and other endangered marine species equal shares but with the absence of violent crime and, in fact, acts of terrorism.
They demonstrate their efficiency actions related directly to naval good but equally effective for achieving goals. Fourteen Greenpeace activists began recently in a new protest action against Russia’s Gazprom plans drilling in the Arctic, three days after they had climbed on a single platform, and companies in the region, published by Greenpeace. Activists have intercepted a ship carrying oil rig workers on Gazprom’s Arctic. Tied to the anchor of one of their ships to prevent the ship’s Gazprom to continue the journey. Greenpeace points out the dangers of exploitation of the Arctic and in June began a new campaign, one of the most ambitious by far organized, for the preservation of the Arctic and the ban on the opening of oil rigs and industrial fishing in the area. In July, activists and organizations block access to the seat of the English-Dutch firm Shell in The Hague in order to warn the plan oil drilling in the Arctic. Russia is a strategic priority for the development of the area. Greenpeace believes that Gazprom will next year become the first company to begin commercial production of oil in the Arctic Sea. This organization emphasizes that drilling operations are very dangerous because the Arctic is one of the most extreme and difficult environment for oil drilling on the planet and believes that Gazprom is prepared for the possible disaster at sea that are directly threatened mammals and fish and indirectly the people. Paul Watson, in reference to justify their actions in order to protect marine resources, whales and other animals, calls for quotes of United Nations World Charter for Nature, but the Charter does not state or condone such acts.
Under Annex same of 28 October 1982. Declaratively in all articles but especially in the third section Implenetation and Articles 16, 17, 18, 19, 20 and 21 cover and 23 and 24 Furthermore, Canadian journalist Myles Higgins sets out a list of indications and examples which establishe financial dubious business captains sailing Watson. All states certainly explain a great deal about the financial situation and the sources of the early donations of non-governmental organizations and other sources received by Captain Paul Watson of navigation. While professing all financial holdings uses dedicated for the purposes described their ways and principles directing the money to the means and ways to protect their property interests, in practice the situation will obviously be different and personal interests him or his close associates may be placed under a magnifying glass. The most efficient solution would be bilateral conventions strictly controlled under the primary sponsorship of the state and the international community and increased accountability and increased legal penalties for violation of maritime counter exploitation, and members of the “green” organizations provide entrances to the supervisory and management boards to be able to make decisions and influence policy and exploitation of the aforesaid goods. Otherwise, everything remains the same as the last twenty years, the constant bitching and bickering “belligerent” and stakeholders in which fighters for the environment challenging business companies in complicity with state interests over for exceeding the permitted level. Without scratching and arbitration disputes team no end in sight.