The environment is everything around us. It can live or not live. It includes physical, chemical and other natural resources. Living lives in their surroundings. They always interact with it and adapt to the situation in their environment. In the environment there are different interactions between animals, plants, insects, water, and other living and non-living things. Today, it is undeniable that environmental issues have become one of the more focused topics in the country. While this serious environmental problem applies depending on how well an organization or organization is eco-friendly.
Based on the articles given, overfishing occurs when more fish are captured than populations that can substitute through natural breeding. Collecting as much fish may seem like a profitable practice, but excessive fishing has serious consequences. The results not only affect the balance of life in the ocean, but also the social and economic well-being of coastal-dependent coastal communities for their way of life. When the use of modern technology for fishing production is fixed, the legal returns are constantly renewed on a fixed amount of inputs, an additional amount of output in the early stages is changing and increasing, but after a considerable of fishing for a large number of products at one level will decrease and eventually negative because the fish population cannot breed well.
Additionally, it is as much a humanitarian issue and one which profound implication for food security as demand for seafood grows and the world population is will be increasing. A millions of people rely on fish for protein, and fishing is the main life for millions of people around the world.
For centuries, our oceans and oceans have been regarded as unlimited food. However, fishing efforts have increased over the last 50 years as well as unsustainable fishing practices have led many fish stocks to extreme collapse.
Besides, over-exploitation is identified as the major threat to ocean biodiversity, but is causing the ocean to change more rapidly than at any point in millions of years. Rising temperatures and increasing acidity levels caused by carbon dioxide are further weakening a system that is already severely degraded through overfishing, habitat, degradation, and pollution. This is happen when pollution and garbage disposal in the ocean such as the oil spills on the seabed and dumps from discarded fishing gear only makes the problem worse. When fishing gear becomes too old to be effective, it’s often dumped on shore or cut loose into the open ocean where it becomes a death trap for countless marine species. Abandoned and lost fishing gear accounts for 10 percent of all ocean litter. It get tangled around fins, flippers, necks, and wings. Many animals are injured as they attempts to escape while hundreds of thousands of animals suffocate and drown when they are unable to free themselves.
Mass production from overfishing causes pollution problems. As a result of the increasing amount of waste used, they will throw it into the ocean. Certain parties will be involved in the cleaning of the ocean and will increase the cost of production. The cost to capture the pollution economy will increase due to an uncertain attitude. More than 30 percent of the world’s fisheries has been rejected over biological limits and requires stringent management plans to recover. Some important commercial fish populations (such as the Atlantic blue blue tuna) have dropped to the point where their survival as a threatened species. Fishing the top predators target, such as tuna and grouper groups, transform marine society, leading to many smaller marine species, such as sardines and anchovies.
According to the article, fishermen need to be aware of the need to protect fish population and marine environment, but illegal fishing and other regulatory problems still exist. WWF works with stakeholders to renew fisheries management around the world, focusing on sustainable practices that conserve ecosystems, but also maintain livelihoods and ensure food security. So it can be linked to our economic market.