In the contemporary world, megatrends and the global trend are dictating the need for more energy hence directly impacting both positively and negatively on the renewable energy sources.
The world's population is growing at an overwhelming rate. According to statistics, the global population grows by over 60,000 people every 10 hours which is an equivalent of two infants born per second across the world. At such a rate of population growth, the world would require 50% more energy by 2050 to sustain humanity. The more the people in the world, the more strain there is on the renewable energy sources. Besides increase in global population, megatrends have also impacted on renewable energy as it will be observed in this paper.
Population has a direct impact on energy consumption. The rise in population has made nonrenewable resources become a rare and expensive commodity in the modern world. For that reason, global producers like E.ON have ventured into other sources of energy like the renewable sources.
Humans have developed a greedy appetite for energy to meet their daily needs. This appetite has resulted to vices like deforestation which has played a key role in global warming [CITATION Joh152 \l 1033 ]. Deforestation has a huge impact on the environment and other renewable sources of energy like wind and hydropower. Cutting down trees for energy use causes global warming that caused drop in water levels and thus impacting on energy produced from water[ CITATION Joh152 l 1033 ). Nonrenewable sources of energy contribute massively to global warming which is why E.
ON has taken an initiative to invest in renewable energy in order to achieve a cleaner environment and reduce the green house effects. Nonrenewable sources of energy are also getting depleted at a rapid pace which calls for supplementation with renewables sources in order to meet the global energy demand[ CITATION DAN17 \l 1033 ]. For that reason, E.ON has started to harness renewable sources of energy like solar and wind energy that are easily harnessed, freely available and clean. E.ON is running campaigns in UK to adopting renewable sources of energy which are clean and environmental friendly. Besides the absolute need for renewable energy, megatrends have also played a significant role towards exploitation of renewable energy.
1: fossil fuels are getting depleted
Fossil fuels are definitely getting depleted. This can be ascertained by the fact that greenhouse gases emanating from burning of fossil fuels reached their optimum in 2012. Fossil fuels and related products have also hiked in prices leaving some energy consumers with no choice but to harness renewable sources[ CITATION Cra15 \ 1033 ].
2: renewable sources replenish faster than nuclear and coal
Renewable sources are found in plenty and can't possibly get depleted. Wind power and solar are natural sources that will forever be present. Surprisingly, they are only getting attention now even after decades of existence[ CITATION Cra15 \l 1033 ). Importantly these sources of energy are not as expensive to harness like nuclear and coal are hence they are getting more anonymity in many countries. E.ON has been on the front line to ensure that they help consumers harness these renewable forms of energy.
It is clear that megatrends and population have imposed a huge impact on the adoption of renewable energy methods. Energy producers like E.ON are continually researching on effective methods of harnessing renewable sources in order to achieve a 99% renewable energy world that has zero carbon emissions. Ultimately, the world will shift to renewable energy not only to sustain its appetite for energy but to safeguard the environment that has been continually polluted by nonrenewable energy sources like coal.