Solar pumping system converts solar energy into electric energy. It drives motors to drive water pumps to pump water from the water sources. This system is run by solar panels, solar pump inverter and water pump. Solar panels give DC current as output. Solar pump inverter converts DC current into AC current because the water pump activates under AC power supply.
There is various AC motor water pump such as irrigation pump, deep ell water pump, centrifugal pump and etc. The input can be the solar DC power supply, also can be AC power supply, built in MPPT control system to maximize the output power of the PV array (photovoltaic array), is very suitable for use in remote and dry areas.
VEICHI SI series solar water pump inverter is a high efficiency solar water pump controller which can make full use of solar energy to dive water pumps for agricultural irrigation, water supply system, fountains, ground water lowering and etc. As the solar water pumping system is eco-friendly. This solar water pump system brings solutions for many problems which appeared in the past.
Micro Sprinkler Micro sprinklers use to provide irrigation using very fine droplets and generate humidity in green houses. It has a rotating deflector (rotor or dancer), which helps to cover a higher diameter and lower precipitation rate than the diffusers, increased droplet size. This sprinkler head made of small LDPE pipe with height 5 to 8 cm and diameter 8 to 12 mm. It has 1mm nozzles around the pipe, 5mm away from the end caps. In the center of the pipe insert a micro tube pin connector of 4.4 mm.
This unit is connected to 1 m long tube through the pin connector. The sprinkler head is fixed vertically near the plants and keep away certain distance from other sprinklers. But there are types of micro sprinklers which have different heads. Sprinklers are adjustable for change coverage and change drops size. Micro sprinkler projects water on tiny water jets. This method saves water more than other methods such as channel web and water release directly from pipe.
- Required pressure : 0.3 to 1.0 kg/cm2
- Coverage : 3.0 to 5.0 sq. m.
- Lifetime : about 8 to 10 years Information technology in Agriculture Information technology has contributed significantly for the development of agriculture.
Information technology in agriculture attentions on the development of agricultural development through improved information and communication methods. IT is possible tool for improving decision making in agriculture. In the context of agriculture, the potential of information technology can be assessed broadly under two heads 1
As a tool for direct contribution to agriculture productivity. As an indirect tool for empowering farmers to take informed and quality decisions. IT has transformed many other aspects of human endeavor and has helped create systems for responding to a wide range of societal needs. Indeed, transportation, communication, national security, and health systems are completely reliant on IT to perform even basic functions. However, information, and its automated technological embodiment, has not impacted agriculture to the same level.
Advantage of IT in agriculture
- The benefits for the improvement and strengthening of agriculture sector in countries include timely information on weather forecasts and calamities.
- Better and spontaneous agricultural practices.
- Better marketing exposure and pricing and reduction of agricultural problems and enhanced incomes from marketing.
- If gives online trading facilities.
- E-agriculture can control food production and any other things in agriculture in countries.
Weather forecasting Weather forecasting find out the about weather, climate and water stresses etc. It very helpful for finding lands for farming, tight time for farming, how much resources should give for farm lands. So, farmers can be able to adjust with weather and provide their output for country. Mobile apps for agriculture There are some kinds of mobile apps for farmers and other people to find out market to sell their items, choose suitable time for farming such that.
So, they can choose suitable paths for their farming and suitable time for that. They can sell their crops for maximum profit. Indian government provide so many apps for their farmers.
- Kisan suvidha It has been developed to aid farmers to provide related to current weather or the weather coming in next 5 days, market value traders etc.
- M Kisan application
- Farm-o-pedia App
- Agri Market
Technology used in green The new technology consists of a motherboard computer system. By this technology, monitoring the humidity, temperature, wind speed and radiation, as well as elements that enable wireless connectivity between the greenhouse and mobile devices like cell phones. Use of GIS in agriculture Geographic information system, of GIS, are extensively used in agriculture, especially in precision faeming. GIS is used in decision makig such as what to plant and where to plant using historical sata and sampling.
There are two functions of GIS for farmers:
- Digital Mapping
- Analysis of the soil From this functions farmers can undestand about conditions and opotunity for farming.
They can manage their input and get huge output. Electronic Devices & Technology for Agriculture This essay will show how Electronics and Technology can be used to better agriculture. This will use examples to show how it is done.
Automation Since the beginning the best way to increase productivity and efficiency was decreasing human labour needed for agriculture. Today many simple and complex machines and systems are used in agriculture. Below are examples.
Combine Harvester The combine harvester is one of the greatest inventions for modern farming. Earlier processes of harvesting crops took many separate machines and people. But the combine harvester can do everything in a short amount of time and transfer to the truck instantly. Modern combine harvesters have a lot of technology such as sensors, computer control, and GPS to increase productivity.
Drip irrigation Drip irrigation uses minimum amount of water needed and reduces waste. Unlike other methods this system keeps soil moisture at optimal level. This is done by cleverly designing the water distribution using technology or using sensors and programmable logic controllers.
Self-driving tractors Many farm equipment manufacturers have models that use GPS technology, LIDAR, SONAR, and cameras and image processing to automatically drive. This removes human mistakes, increases efficiency, and farmers can focus on planning or other activities. Better storage facilities One of the biggest problems is preserving crops after harvesting. Technology improvements in materials, manufacturing, and constructing.
Data gathering and analysis An important part of making any process better is using statistics and analysis techniques to find problems and inefficiencies. Since this is the information age, many devices, systems, and techniques are there to gather information, analyze, and improve agriculture. A few examples are there below.
Satellite imagery Satellites are used to gather many types of data relevant to agriculture. Past data and future predictions made by weather satellites give farmers the knowledge to plan their planting to increase yield and avoid losses. In multispectral satellite imagery, not just the visible light but other parts of the spectrum are used to determine the properties of soil like moisture and amount of nitrogen. This is also useful to make decisions.
Airborne Remote Sensing Like satellites, normal planes and remote controlled planes can be used to gather data about the health of crops. It can also detect things not visible to satellites like weeds because it is closer. Also it can give real-time, higher definition data.
Using analytical methods such as machine learning A new technology now in use in many fields is artificial intelligence and machine learning. It can also be used for agriculture. Machine learning can do many things such as yield prediction, disease detection, weed detection crop quality, water management, and soil management. Robotic Technologies for Agriculture
Agriculture robots are robots deployed for agriculture purpose. With the increase of population. World needs a lot more foods and farmers will face serious pressure to keep up with demand. Agricultural robots are increasing production yields for farmers’ various ways. Agricultural robot application From drones to autonomous tractors to robotic arms. The technology is being deployed in creative and innovative application. Some of most common robots in agriculture are used for:
- Seeding and planting We can use robots get sample of soil from the difficult places the field and treat it with chemicals in the lab, we can find what are the nutrients in the soil. We can use robots to planting crops and seeding seeds. We can provide the accuracy in these special distance requirement of crops than the traditional method. We can use robots to sow seeds for crops at proper position in the soil and specific depth. This guarantees that seed are completely cover by soil.
- Protect plant before harvesting Watering is very important resource for agriculture. We can use robots to collect the details about the moisture in soil. Robots can collect these parameters using their sensors. Using this information, farmers can give right quantity of water to plants. Humans are affected by germs and infections, crops also get affected by pests and are able diseases. So there is a need to prevent, cure and detect pests and diseases. Using UAVS, UGVS, robotic drones and vehicles we can find details. UAV flown over the farm field capture high resolution images using their cameras. This image shown any pests, diseases, rouge plant or potential threats to the crop. Farmers can fertilize field by drone robots.
Drones are the most efficient fertilizer sprayers on any farm. Drones scan the ground and spray the correct amount of liquid on only the necessary crop. This fertilization process reduce overspray and making its way into ground. • Weed control Weed control is a significant issue in agricultural crop production. Weed battle with crop plant for moisture, nutrients and sunlight. Weed control is both important and difficult. If farmers use herbicides plant can become resistant to weed herbicides and consumers are increasingly averse to chemically treated food. The robots give us the best solution. Robot that create for weed control can detect weeds among plants and remove them. So there is no need to put any chemical to remove weeds.
Harvesting and Picking All of the robots make for harvesting and picking, have the ability to detect, recognize and determine if these are ripe enough to be the picked. In addition, they are able to harvest the fruits without damaging them. The robot uses machine vision and motion planning algorithms to recognize and locate the ripe fruit to be picked. Robots can achieve to improve the size of yields and reduce waste from being left in the field. Harvesting and picking robots are becoming very popular among farmers, because robots are not getting sick or tired. Robots can deliver products of high quality and lower cost.
Advantage of using robots for agriculture:
- The robot can reduce the use of pesticides by up to 80% of farm.
- In different field, robot can work around trees rocks, ponds, and other obstacles easily.
- Robot increased efficiency.
- The robotics do difficult task that are harmful to the health or the workers, so, they offer the safety for the workers.
- Robot provide an opportunity to replace human operators with a good return on investment by providing effective solutions.
- The robot can deliver products of high quality and lower the coast of production.
Disadvantages using robots for agriculture
- The farmers can lose their jobs.
- It cost a lot of money to make or buy robots.
- They need maintenance to keep them running.
The high cost of research and development. Importance of Technologizing the Field Throughout history, scientific and technological advances have greatly impacted the agriculture industry. Early farmers improved their crop production by inventing the first hoes. Today, farmers improve crop production through the GPS. How did these changes happen? How did people learn about new ideas? How have these ideas change the whole agricultural system? Early advances were shared by word of mouth. As new ideas were tried and applied to growing crops and livestock, they were shared and passed to the next generation as parents taught their children. Neighboring tribes exchanged ideas with one another and with the new settlers. In modern days, scientists do their researchers to find new inventions about agricultures. Specially, new methods of growing and new instruments as well.
New ideas and inventions In the past, there isn’t many machines to work with but in modern world they have lot of machines. As a result of that people can save their valuable time, money and energy also. Transportation also has been improved so, it also a helpful thing to agriculture because it is a primary essential thing. Specially the development of ICT is also done a great job for improving agriculture. This is called as e-agriculture. This method is famous throughout the modern society. Many people use ICT to find new methods of agriculture and modern instruments which save time and money.
New ways of farming In the past farmers don’t have better seeds. As a result of that, their production also less. Improvement of nanotechnology helps scientists for inventing better seeds. Those seeds can provide more harvest than past. Farmers start to grow not only crops but also seeds. That also helps for increasing their production. Another thing is “HYBRID SEEDS”. This also helps farmers to produce the most. In the present hybrid seeds is used in all countries. Farmers also known that how to fertilize plant for better production. This method also improves by plants scientists.
Spreading new ideas Early in lowa settlement by European farmers, several institutions were established to encourage agricultural advances. This helps to spread new ideas and methods. Now a day’s lot of farmers using internet facilities to provide those new ideas and methods of farming. In present there are several schools for teaching that technical information. Students who learned in those schools can provide many new ideas, methods and instruments among their own families. This also helps to spread ideas and news. Government hold meetings to provide information such as soil conservation, corn seed selection and manure management etc.