Water Quality

Water and Its Importance for Earth

Life on earth would not be possible without water because, Water is the driven force of nature. Human, plants and animals require an adequate and safe water supply. Inadequate quantity and unsafe quality of water supply is one of the major challenges in the world, particularly, in developing countries. At present, close to a billion people living in the developing world have no access to adequate and safe water, mainly in sub-Saharan Africa. Ethiopia is ranking among the lowest to accessible qu…


A Problem of Water Ecosystem Issues

Introduction Water ecosystem or the aquatic ecosystem comprises of the biotic components of the environment that lives in water bodies their entire life and thus obtain all the nutrients and fulfill their requirements from the water bodies itself. In other words, an ecosystem composed of biotic communities that are structured by biological interactions and abiotic environmental factors is refrred to as aquatic ecosystem. Types: There are two types of water ecosystem: Fresh water ecosystem Ma…


A Problem of the Temperature of Water

TEMPERATURE The temperature of water is one of the most important characteristics that determines, to a considerable extent, the trends and tendencies of changes in the ground water .Increased water temperature decreases the solubility of dissolved oxygen and water temperature above 27°C are “unsuitable” for public use. In the present study, all measured sample its temperature present in permissive threshold valve. \n pH \n The pH value is an important factor in maintaining t…


Water as a Major Factor in Human Life

Water is one of the most essential natural resource known in the world, covers around 80 percent of the earth’s surface and it is elixir of life without water life is not possible and it represents a fundamental requirement for all life activities and it is essential to human, plants and animals, but only small portion of the water in the world is available to manage human use (WHO; Anunan, et al., 1993). Supply of water is among the most essential requisites for continuity of living t…


Groundwater Is a Major Source of Water Supply in Nigeria

This is due to the inconsistent and poor quality of public water supply. Groundwater is mostly used for domestics, industrial and agricultural purposes. In 2018, The Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation estimated that 60% of the total population in Nigeria were dependent on groundwater as the main source of drinking water: 73% of which are living in rural areas and 45% in urban areas. There are variations in the estimated of total renewable groundwater resources in Nige…


The Problem of Moyna Block In Purba Medinipur District

Moyna block in Purba Medinipur district (West Bengal) experiences drainage cramming and waterlogged because of substantial rainfall during the monsoon season and resultant standing water in low laying agricultural land (Sahu et al., 2009). This causes failure of crop cultivation, emergence of vector borne disease (e.g., malaria) and water-borne disease (e.g., cholera) and communication problems etc. consequently, the development of river canal during the period between 1985 and 1986, local peop…


Activity of The World Health Organization

One health issue affecting American citizens is poor health outcomes due to an unhealthy environment caused by human activities. The World Health Organization defines the environment as the physical, chemical, and biological factors that are external to a person. An important thing that humans look for in an environment is safety and security (American Public Health Association, 2020). This is because humans interact with the environment constantly that may influence them to certain behavior…


Designe of Seashore Wastage Cleaning Machine Using IOT

Abstract This undertaking accentuation on Design and Analysis of the River Water Cleaning Machine. The work has done taking a gander at the ebb and flow circumstance of our national streams which are dump with crore litters of sewage and stacked with contaminations, lethal materials, garbage and so on. The legislature of India has assumed responsibility to clean waterways and put gigantic capital in numerous stream cleaning ventures like "Namami Gange", ''Narmada Bachao&…


Water as the Most Important and Priceless Commodity on Earth

Water is considered as the most important and priceless commodity on planet Earth. Water on Earth moves continually through the water cycle of evaporation and transpiration, condensation, precipitation and runoff, usually reaching the sea, It is one of the most essential thing that is required for every living being. In order to develop a healthy and hygienic environment, water quality should be monitored such that it lies within the respective standards. (Monika, 2013) The environmental pro…


The Social Issue of the Lack of Fresh, Clean Water in Ethiopia

The biggest social issue that has been going on in Ethiopia is the lack of fresh clean water. Certain villages are so remote that the only water that is readily available to them is dirty, mudding, and possible infested water. These people know that this water is not good for them, but they have no other choice unless they want to walk for miles to the nearest lake. There are what is call water spots were a well was dug and fresh water is being pulled out, but these “spots” only can…


Potential Management of Environmental Microbiology and Ground Water Quality on Minimizing Detrimental Environmental Issues

Little potential exists for contamination of ground water and air from fertilizers and pesticides applied to turf in a golf course environment if management practices that minimize detrimental environmental impacts are used. Fertilizers and pesticides applied to turf on golf course greens and fairways do not contaminate ground water or air if management practices that minimize detrimental environmental impacts are used, according to the results of a simulation study conducted by Marylynn Yat…


Strategic Plan for Addressing Global Water Crisis

Introduction According to Dudgeon et al. (165), the magnitude of the world freshwater crisis together with the risk associated with it have been significantly underestimated. It is crystal clear that around one billion of people globally are without reliable supplies of safe water. Moreover, more than two billion people lack basic sanitation. Water is the key element when it comes to attainment of the United Nations millennium development goals whose aims were set to expire on 2015. However,…


A Speech about Conservation of Water Resources

Function of the speech. The purpose of the speech is to persuade the audience to support the clean water centauries Act of 2011. The speech will focus mainly on the pros and cons of the bill. Impacts of the passing of the bill will also be featured on this speech Introduction A. Attention In the year 2011, an amendment to the clean water estuaries act of 2010 was made to the federal water pollution control act that was seeking to restore authority to the National estuary program. Th…


Salmonella and Shigella carriage among food handlers

ABSTRACT Background: Food borne diseases have been associated with microorganisms like bacteria, fungi, viruses and parasites. Outbreaks often take place due to the ingestion of pathogenic bacteria. Food handlers are potential carriers of these food borne bacteria. Periodic screening of food handlers can prevent life threatening outbreaks. Objective: To determine the carriage rate of Salmonella and Shigella spp. among food handlers at a tertiary hospital in Ilorin, North Central Nigeria. …


An Environmental Economic Appraisal of the Management of The Sutlej River

1.Introduction: Punjab is the land of five rivers (the Indus, Ravi, Chenab, Sutlej and Jhelum) and it is also known for its lush green irrigated lands. The Sutlej river is the longest river of the five rivers. It flows through the historic crossroads region of the Punjab in northern India and Pakistan. The Sutlej River is also known as the Red River. It is the easternmost branch of the Indus river. The source of the river is at Lake Rakshastal in Tibet, near Mount Kailas. It flows generall…


Effect of Pandemic on Environment Problem

Earth, our home, our abode, is rebooting. Mother Earth is healing. All components of air, water, and the nature is purifying itself. This world pandemic’s only good thing might be that our greens will be green again. Our two-life supports, air and water, and its protector, the trees have sighed a heave of relief as almost every kind of environmental pollution has drastically fallen due to the numerous lockdowns imposed by different countries across the globe. As the world fights coronav…


Scarcity of Food and Water

Scarcity Scarcity means limited accessibility of a commodity which may be in demand in the market or by the commons. Scarcity also comprises of an individual’s lack of resources to purchase products. The opposite of scarcity is abundance. Scarcity refers to the gap between the limited resources and the limitless wants of the consumer. The thought of scarcity is that there are never enough resources to satisfy all needs of the consumer even at advanced states of human innovation. Scar…


Dermatotoxins and Gastrointestinal toxins in African Waters

Dermatotoxins and Gastrointestinal toxins are toxins that affects the skin and mucous membranes, and causes allergy-type reactions such as rashes, eye/nose/throat irritation, and asthma, as well as headaches, fever, and gastroenteritis (nausea, stomach cramps, vomiting, diarrhea) most times leading to tissue necrosis. Examples include lyngbyatoxin and lipopolysaccharide endotoxins. Cyanobacteria are group of prokaryotic and autotrophic microorganisms that contain the photosynthetic pigments (C…


Overpopulation and Water Quality

The Earth currently has well over seven billion people, and these numbers have been suggested to increase in the near future. With this in mind, I believe that the Earth is overpopulated because mortality rates have decreased due to extensive research on medicine. The problem is not that birth rates are increasing because it has been demonstrated that economic development and urbanization have led to decreased birth rates (Knox and Marston, 2016). Instead, the transitional stage of the Demograp…


Environment Condition of Mitchell and Fisher Rivers

Mitchell and Fisher have many similar qualities. However, there are some obvious percentages between the two. When it comes to high quality water indicators, the Mitchell River outweighs the Fisher significantly in aquatic insect and fish indicators. EPT insects as well as DMS fish can help determine a streams water quality. In the comparative pie charts below, the percentages of high-water indicators between the rivers are large, resulting in the Mitchell to have higher quality water (Figures …


An Environmental Economic Appraisal of The Sutlej River

Introduction Punjab is the land of five rivers (the Indus, Ravi, Chenab, Sutlej and Jhelum) and it is also known for its lush green irrigated lands. The Sutlej river is the longest river of the five rivers. It flows through the historic crossroads region of the Punjab in northern India and Pakistan. The Sutlej River is also known as the Red River. It is the easternmost branch of the Indus river. The source of the river is at Lake Rakshastal in Tibet, near Mount Kailas. It flows generally w…


Danger and Sources of Arsenic Poisoning

Introduction and Problem Statement Arsenic is a ubiquitous metalloid with an atomic number of 33 and a relative atomic mass of 74.92. It belongs to Group VA of the periodic table and is an isotope, existing in four valence states: −3, 0, +3 and +5. The most common oxidation states are the pentavalent and trivalent forms which are seen in the variety of arsenates and arsenites found in water, soil and food. It has many allotropic forms such as elemental, sulfide and carbonate form. Th…


Water Quality and Scarcity in Ethiopia

Life on earth would not be conceivable without water since, Water is the determined power of nature. Human, plants and creatures require a satisfactory and safe water supply. Deficient amount and hazardous nature of water supply is one of the significant difficulties on the planet, especially, in creating nations. At present, near a billion people living in the creating scene have no entrance to sufficient and safe water, primarily in sub-Saharan Africa. Ethiopia is positioning among the most r…


Importance of Water Quality

Introduction Water is one of the most essential natural resource known in the world, covers around 80 percent of the earth’s surface and it is elixir of life without water life is not possible and it represents a fundamental requirement for all life activities and it is essential to human, plants and animals, but only small portion of the water in the world is available to manage human use (WHO; Anunan, et al., 1993). Supply of water is among the most essential requisites for co…


Physico-chemical and bacteriological water quality of Kulfo River

Life on earth would not be conceivable without water, since water is the driven force of nature. Human, plants and animals needs an adequate and safe water supply. Insufficient amount and unsafe quality of water supply is one of the major challenges in the planet, especially in developing countries. At present, near a billion people living in the developing world have no access to adequate and safe water, mainly in sub-Saharan Africa. Ethiopia is ranking among the lowest to accessible quantity …


Water Quality in Aksum Town

 General Overview of the Study Area The study area is found in Tigray region, central zone, which is situated about 1025 km north of Addis Ababa. It is located on UTM coordinates between 1547650-156700 N and 458000- 480000E, Including Aksum town and its surrounding areas with a total area of 425. 7 sq km. according to the 2007 national census conducted by the Central Statistical Agency of Ethiopia (CSA), the population of Aksum town was 49523 and according to population projection of …


A Report on the Wastewater Treatment

The reason for me doing this report is because I could not attend class enough to grasp the concept of Wastewater Treatment. This report is an overview of each stage of the treatment of sewage. I have included a diagram of a typical sewage plant. Primary Treatment The wastewater that enters a treatment plant contains debris that might clog or damage the pumps and machinery. The material is removed by screens, and is burned or buried. The wastewater then passes through a comminutor (grinde…


A Report on the Alternatives to the Clean Water Dilemma

Because of our increasing populations around the world, more and more of our clean drinking water is being used and contaminated. The world needs to take action immediately. Implementing one plan will not save our drinking water, but instead several different things need to come in to effect to preserve the world's clean drinking water. One alternative we have is to make people implement a wastewater garden in their homes and businesses. A wastewater garden is a garden made up of special…


A Discussion on the Issues of Water Quality and Testing to Any Type of Pollution

Water quality for human consumption has recently become a issue topic has recently gathered a lot of attention in the near future. With pollution of freshwater sources, drinking water resources could be diminished quickly if treatment from industrial, commercial, or private continues. The article argues that with the exponential human population growth, more problems will arise with available drinking water. The author also argues that about 70% of water sources that are renewable are not usabl…


Volcanoes and It`s impact on Environment

Earth contains 3 main layers: crust, mantle and core. The crust consists of tectonic plates that sit above the upper mantle. Because of convection currents, also known as the driving forces of plates, plate movements can sometimes lead to disasters such as Mt Kilauea eruption. Hawaii is a hotspot located in the middle of the Pacific plate responsible for volcanic eruptions happening there, (Pacific plate movement and direction of Pacific boundary, 2019). Kilauea was caused by hundreds of earthq…


Water Quality, Pollution and Reservation

Abstract An emergency multi-objective framework is developed in this study to achieve optimal reservoir operating strategy under sudden pollution injection. A large number of reservoir release and pollution injection scenarios are considered to assess a wide range of future conditions. CE-QUAL-W2 model is used to simulate pollution concentration and reservoir cleanup time (RCT) at each scenario. To minimize the computational burden of the reservoir water quality modeling, a multilayer percep…


Water Quality in Arid Areas

In most arid and semi-arid areas around the world where water demand exceeds the available freshwater, poor quality water like treated wastewater is becoming the major sources for irrigating farmlands. The treated wastewater (TWW) is being in use for irrigating agricultural lands in many arid and semi-arid regions for supplementing the scarcity of freshwater. Even though the quality of TWW depends mainly on the quality of the sewage water sources, and the level of treatment applied (Assouline a…


Hypoxia and Water Quality

Have you ever dreamed of swimming in the water without oxygen like marine life? Unfortunately, your dream is moving away from you because of hypoxia. This is because hypoxia worsens the ecosystem by killing organisms in the water and lowering the concentration of oxygen dissolved in the water. And this problem is an increasingly serious trend in advanced countries like China. In particular, as more the city is getting developed, frequency of hypoxia is increasing rapidly, like in the Pearl rive…


Pandemics and Water Quality

Pandemics are the worst thing that can happen to a region or country. The term pandemic refers to a disease that is prevalent throughout an entire country. The earliest pandemic dates all the way back to 430 B.C.: Athens. For this instance, I’ll be focusing on pandemics that started in certain Latin America countries. The countries I will focus on is Brazil, Peru, Venezuela, and Nicaragua. Each of these countries went through different pandemics but a lot of people were infected. Brazi…


Deterioration of Environment Health and It`s Solutions

One health issue affecting American citizens is poor health outcomes due to an unhealthy environment caused by human activities. The World Health Organization defines the environment as the physical, chemical, and biological factors that are external to a person. An important thing that humans look for in an environment is safety and security (American Public Health Association, 2020). This is because humans interact with the environment constantly that may influence them to certain behaviors a…


Design of Seashore Wastage Cleaning Machine Using IOT

ABSTRACT: This undertaking accentuation on Design and Analysis of the River Water Cleaning Machine. The work has done taking a gander at the ebb and flow circumstance of our national streams which are dump with crore litters of sewage and stacked with contaminations, lethal materials, garbage and so on. The legislature of India has assumed responsibility to clean waterways and put gigantic capital in numerous stream cleaning ventures like "Namami Gange", ''Narmada Bachao…


Danger of Domestic Wastewater

Water is considered as the most important and priceless commodity on planet Earth. Water on Earth moves continually through the water cycle of evaporation and transpiration, condensation, precipitation and runoff, usually reaching the sea, It is one of the most essential thing that is required for every living being. In order to develop a healthy and hygienic environment, water quality should be monitored such that it lies within the respective standards. (Monika, 2013) The environmental pro…


Water Quality as Worldwide Issue

This research paper consists of various monitoring mechanisms that are used to preserve the quality of the water. To preserve its quality accurate monitoring of water parameters such as conductivity, pH, salinity, dissolved oxygen, and turbidity is crucial. It addresses current measurement techniques of pH, turbidity and clarity, oxidation among others as mentioned in the book Water Quality Monitoring and Management. Nowadays Internet of Things (IoT) and Remote Sensing (RS) techniques are used …


Water Quality and Types of Water

There are plenty of sources of water on the earth and only 3 percent of it is fresh. Human beings need freshwater to survive, so how are we supposed to tell if the water is clean enough to drink? By looking at the macroinvertebrates that reside in the water. Macroinvertebrates are the spineless insects that live in the water. Based on the macroinvertebrates that live in the water, we can tell how clean or how polluted the water really is. Macroinvertebrates are important to the aquatic life bec…


Water Quality

Water quality assessment is an important method to monitor the quality of water in the environment. There are three type of water characteristics that can be measured which are physical, chemical and biological aspects. By analyzing these elements, scientists could determine the quality of the water whether it is good or bad and also could ensure the suitability of its particular use whether it is safe or not. Generally, people really need water in their daily lives especially for drinking, coo…